Jochen Johrendt studies the empire during the schism, noting that the German church was badly divided among the supporters of Alexander and those of the antipopes
and the emperor.
In 1415, Pope Gregory XII resigned in an effort to put an end to the so-called 'Western Schism' 6 a complex web of affairs in which two others -- the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII and the Antipope
John XXIII 6 also claimed the papacy.
King Conrad was replaced in 1152 by Frederick Barbarossa, who launched a series of attacks on ecclesiastical influence and installed a number of antipopes
The upheaval that accompanied and followed their efforts resulted in civil war in Germany, in the most horrible sacking of the city of Rome in its history, and in several generations of bitter contest between popes and antipopes
and between popes and secular rulers.
The building stands at the north end of the large square in front of the Palais des Papes, home in the 14th century to six of the seven original Avignon popes and afterward to the antipopes
of the Western Schism.
They believe they are antipopes
, imposters, precursors of the anti-Christ perhaps, or quite possibly even the anti-Christ.
This is particularly striking in Popes and antipopes
Run by a devotee of the Tridentine Latin Mass, it combines an attack on the Work with the claim that Pope Benedict XVI and his predecessor are both antipopes
Those elected and consecrated in this fashion were called antipopes
, of whom there have been as many as 39 in the history of the church.
The list curiously includes 10 antipopes
-- leave out these 10 and we might have another century of popes to go.
Indeed, there have been 39 antipopes
in the history of the church, that is, individuals who claimed title to the chair of Peter while someone else was sitting on it.
In fact, one future pope (Pius II) served for a time as secretary and principal adviser to one of the so-called antipopes
In addition to 20 centuries of popes going back to Peter, the impetuous fisherman from Bethsaida in Galilee, the church has endured 39 antipopes