Similarly, though Saint Edmund the Martyr was not canonized until the fifteenth century, his feast was celebrated in England as early as 1247, when his Office was included in the antiphoner
Colette's first paper (mentioned above), 'The place and Function of Music in a Liturgical Context: The Earliest Witness of Sequences and Versus ad sequentias in the Antiphoner
of Charles the Bald and Other Early Sources' refers to the earliest witnesses of sequences and versus ad sequentias.
1, 2, 3, 8, 10) suggest occasions when musical repertory not contained in graduals and antiphoners
was performed, perhaps certain chants for new feasts--it could be a difficult matter to make an addition to an existing antiphoner
or gradual--and accretions to Mass and Office including polyphonic settings.
Besides the saints' lives, the manuscript also contains varied items that include pages from a medieval antiphoner
, pasted-in pages from a late-sixteenth-century writing master's book, and some eighteenth-century notes.
portion of the book, copied in the eleventh century, appears to be a record of this powerful monastery's unusual liturgy prior to the reform instituted by Cluny in 1062 at the request of the town's ruler.
12) Barbara Haggh has also kindly sent me some examples of [half note] as a signe de renvoi from a 13th-century Cambrai Antiphoner
that was still in use there at the time the later Cambrai polyphonic manuscripts (Cambrai 6 and 11, mentioned below) were copied.
Words from Bangor Antiphoner
, trans, by John Mason Neale.
Bonnie Blackburn for reminding me of Girolamo Malipiero's 1543 letter to Giovanni del Lago, in which the former asks Del Lago to review the newly composed materials added to the publication of Giunta's new editions of the Roman gradual (1544) and antiphoner
(1545); Malipiero also mentioned Willaert's name in this regard.
Only twelve extant volumes, comprising eleven Mass antiphoners
and one Office antiphoner
, originated in the period spanning the last two quarters of the fifteenth century (XV/3-4) and the first quarter of the sixteenth century (XVI/1).
Albi, Bibliotheque municipale Rochegude, manuscript 44: a complete ninth-century gradual and antiphoner
from southern France.
The most practical approach to editing the Roman antiphoner
is to focus on an individual repertory from a specific location or ecclesiastical institution.
The Mass antiphoner
, by contrast, is complete in its first appearance, and the Roman and early Frankish versions are nearly identical.
Peter Jeffrey, for instance, traces Eastern influence in the pre-Carolingian Irish liturgy, drawing on a variety of sources but particularly the Bangor Antiphoner
Smits van Waesberghe also published editions of two other works of Guido, his Prologus to a now lost antiphoner
and the Regule (Guidonis Prologus in antiphonarium, Divitiae Musicae Artis, A.
Barbara Haggh's article ("The First Printed Antiphoner
of Cambrai Cathedral") deserves more space than this review can give.