Statistically significant increases in antimicrobial drug
resistance to all agents (p<.
The current prevalence of ciprofloxacin resistance in British Columbia and Saskatchewan is also higher than that reported by studies of antimicrobial drug
resistance in Campylobacter spp.
The Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS), established in 2003, monitors antimicrobial drug
use and resistance in selected species of enteric bacteria from humans, animals, and animal-derived food sources across Canada (www.
However, lack of data has made it difficult to quantify the proportion of antimicrobial drug
In Australia, national guidelines for antimicrobial drug
use in humans have been published and expanded since 1976.
Health care-associated networks need to be strengthened to ensure justified and appropriate use of antimicrobial agents that will result in safe drinking water and improved sanitation; these can have remarkable effect in reducing the spread of many communicable diseases, such as cholera, and can go a long way in controlling the growing menace of antimicrobial drug
pneumoniae would be highly beneficial in this era of increasing antimicrobial drug
Disk-diffusion antimicrobial drug
susceptibility testing was performed at the National Public Health Laboratory and CDC.
In New Zealand, antimicrobial drug
susceptibility testing was performed by using disk diffusion for penicillin, and agar dilution breakpoint testing for cotrimoxazole, doxycycline, erythromycin, gentamicin, oxacillin, and vancomycin in accordance with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methods and interpretive standards (19-21).
One wonders why, in the absence of genitourinary symptoms, the (postpartum) mother's urine was cultured and why the positive culture prompted antimicrobial drug
The antimicrobial drug
currently recommended for patients with bloody diarrhea in primary healthcare settings in Papua New Guinea is co-trimoxazole (8); ciprofloxacin is available only in hospitals.
The Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections, held March 2010 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, brought the issue of antimicrobial drug
resistance to the forefront.
difficile is known to infect persons receiving antimicrobial drug
therapy, older and severely ill patients who are hospitalized, or residents of long-term care facilities.
This bill sets aggressive, groundbreaking standards for antimicrobial drug
use in California livestock and will positively impact antibiotic resistance in both humans and animals.
The 1992 Institute of Medicine report Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States describes the ability of microbes to adapt, the development of antimicrobial drug
resistance, and the importance of recognizing and monitoring emerging microbial threats to human health (1).