It has been shown in the previous studies that STEVOR proteins are clonally variable on the surface of the RBC and are able to change the antigenic properties of the RBCs, thus playing a major role in the antigenic variation of the late asexual parasite stages (27).
The recent understanding of antigenic variation after analyzing the var genes gives more insight into the mechanisms of immune evasion, hence promoting pathogenesis (33).
Studies indicate the vir genes relation with antigenic variation due to which the parasite survives elimination by the host.
The effects of symmetry on the dynamics of antigenic variation.
Antigenic variation in Plasmodium falciparum: Gene organization and regulation of the var multigene family.
Noncoding RNA, antigenic variation, and the virulence genes of Plasmodium falciparum.
Furthermore, the complexity of coexistent mechanisms for antigenic variation with associated potential for major genomic reorganization presents a problem for many microbiologic typing approaches.
Antigenic variation Of Borrelia turicatae Vsp surface lipoproteins occurs in vitro and generates novel serotypes.