The DDS, which releases the anticholinergic agent
trospium chloride, can be applied into the bladder through the urethra.
Furthermore, new-generation anticholinergic agents
, such as darifenacin and solifenacin, are selective for the M3 receptor and thus offer the potential of reduced side-effects.
However, the requirement for additional treatments in patients with SCI, such as anticholinergic agents
and CISC, is more frequent than in patients with CTC in the postoperative period.
Trospium, a quaternary ammonium antimuscarinic, is hydrophilic and theoretically should not cross the blood-brain barrier like lipophilic anticholinergic agents
Drug therapy includes anticholinergic agents
, quaternary ammonium compounds, and selectiveM3-receptorantagonists.
such as oxybutynin, oxytrol, tolterodine, and solifenacin succinate are often used to inhibit detrusor muscle contraction.
2]-agonists or anticholinergic agents
to outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
In those cases, nasal decongestant sprays, systemic decongestants, anticholinergic agents
such as ipratropium bromide, or steroid preparations may reduce turbinate swelling and relieve sinus pressure and pain.
Oral anticholinergic agents
and [beta]-blockers may be effective but also carry significant side effects.
5] One is to prescribe drug therapy with systemic and topical anticholinergic agents
to diminish sweat gland function.
The use of anticholinergic agents
to relax smooth muscle spasm may allow such reflux to occur.
Other therapies include amantidine and anticholinergic agents
, although there are concerns about cognitive impairment in patients on the latter, albeit limited to a single study that has not been replicated.
She had been previously treated with multiple anticholinergic agents
, as well as supratrigonal cystectomy with ileocystoplasty without success.
Theophylline is considered effective in COPD but, because of potential toxicity, is recommended as an alternative to the inhaled bronchodilators such as [beta]2 agonists or anticholinergic agents
produce as much bronchodilatation as short-acting beta-agonists