13) This ancient Near Eastern/Semitic transcendent anthropomorphism stands in stark contrast to normative Islamic notions of divine transcendence.
22) It thus should come as no surprise that it is in traditionalist Sunnism that this ancient Semitic transcendent anthropomorphism survived well into the sixth/twelfth century.
It is a transcendent anthropomorphism not in form but in its effect, approachable only by the most holy, and absent in material form in the cult .
No doubt the signature feature of this Israelite transcendent anthropomorphism is a brilliant luminosity that is the morphic manifestation of God's signature holiness.
55) The best example of transcendent anthropomorphism in the Bible is the inaugural vision of Ezekiel (Ezek, ch.
Anthropomorphism did not, of course, originate with Ezekiel; the Bible offers many anthropomorphic descriptions of the Deity .
This biblical transcendent anthropomorphism had a long afterlife in post-biblical Jewish (especially apocalyptic and mystical/esoteric (61)), Christian, (62) and, it will be argued, Islamic traditions.
THE PROBLEM OF ANTHROPOMORPHISM IN ISLAMIC HISTORIOGRAPHY
Now, "transcendent anthropomorphism" presupposes, of course, anthropomorphism and most Muslim scholars assure us that Islam does not countenance this.
Studies treating Islamic anthropomorphism and the debates surrounding it are relatively few.
75) In fact, taking the history of Islamic discourse on the issue into consideration, it is desirable that scholars discontinue the ready translation of tashbih by anthropomorphism, as such a practice inhibits our understanding of the nuances involved in the discussion.
Yet he disavowed tashbih in no uncertain terms: God's anthropomorphism is not "like" that of man.
86) None would thus accuse him of anthropomorphism--assimilation maybe, anthropomorphism (stricto sensu) impossible.
rejects the negative theology (ta'til) of the Djahmiyya and their allegorizing exegesis (ta'wil) of the Kur'an and of tradition, and no less emphatically rejects the anthropomorphism (tashbih) of the Mushabbiha, amongst whom he includes .
This is not to say that tashbih never has the meaning of anthropomorphism in the sources.