Even though whole body solvent-soak extraction is often used for fire ant venom alkaloid analysis, some researchers have questioned whether soaking the whole body in hexane can accurately recover the same venom composition that is released from the sting.
Capillary milking and venom apparatus dissection from each individual ant, which are the traditional methods for extracting fire ant venom, are laborious.
Our study thus demonstrates that solvent-soaking of whole ants can be effectively used as an alternative to capillary milking and venom gland dissection in sampling fire ant venom alkaloids.
Protein components of fire ant venom (Solenopsis invicta).
Chemical, insecticidal, and antibiotic properties of fire ant venom.