Shakhmatov created a kind of detective story in which historians searched the chronicle for passages that had been altered by later writers, because the ruling princes of Kiev had their own propagandists who rewrote the annals
to make political claims that best suited their own purposes.
In a stimulating and somewhat controversial essay she argues that a core of annals
were kept in Wessex before the commencement of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in the late ninth century, but these core annals
were edited to compose the current work by those close to King Alfred.
But this is no obstacle to the reinterpretation, since the syntax of the annal
has so much in common with Old English syntax, in which an infinitive to a verb used previously may be omitted after an auxiliary, and the understood infinitive, like many an expressed infinitive in Old English, may be translated in the passive voice.
"If you've been to an auto shop lately, it doesn't look the same as 10 or 15 years ago," Annal
These 'simple forms' of historical narrative would include the eyewitness testimony, the reminiscence, the annal
, and its more complex form, the chronicle.
(12.) Causse E, Siri N, Annal
JF, Bayle C, Malatray P, Valdiguie P, et al.
to his dreams." When the fireflies are invoked, "choiring as though they were tiny incessant appeaseless voices, cries, words," they echo the larks in A Fable, emblematic of human voices, appealing to the human genealogy that "still challenged paradise, still paired and still immortal against the chronicle's grimed and bloodstained pages." What distinguishes Yoknapatawpha from Lafayette County is its purposefulness, its dedication to "the doomed and glorious frenzy of a love-story" which arises, abstracted and distilled from "the record and annal
of your native land proffered for your perusal in ring by concentric ring like the ripples on living water above the dreamless slumber of your past." It is in its dedication to "man's passions and hopes and disasters ...
If we set the frequency of a word, rather arbitrarily, at once every tenth poem, the compiler would in theory have required ten poems to hit upon another occurrence of annal
, ten times ten poems in order to find one which in addition contained eru, a thousand poems to find one which also contained punkanmalai, ten times thousand [sic] poems to find one which also contained peyar, and so on.
is a written account of events arranged chronologically year by year.
Farmer Cyril Annal
, who owns Swona, which is a four-mile boat trip from South Ronaldsay, said: "These cows are unique all right.
John Dodgson makes an excellent, though not watertight, case for the identification of Brunanburh (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, annal
937), site of the famous victory of the English over a Norse army, with Bromborough in Cheshire.
Cubbins states of the state of the fourteenth hand's stint that 'Ker [for whom no reference is given here] suggests the beginning of the annal
When the Puritan Henry Hardware junior became mayor, in 1599-1600, he banned bear- and bullbaits and purged the Midsummer Show of its carnivalesque figures; one annal
says that he 'would not suffer any playes beare Baits or Bullbaits', as if that was unusual.
Connelly and Clandinin (1990) highlight the difference between a simple annal
that tries to record events objectively and a narrative that is enriched by meaning, significance or connection between events.
The book is a chronological narrative, written in the form of a yearly annal
. Cassady elaborates on his sources with descriptions of the sun, regional food, and the experiences of more recent or historical "sightseers" including Lord Nelson and Napoleon.