Soldiers would appear and say Angkar
had asked for a family's son.
, who hated intellectuals, would often beat Ty for being light-skinned and looking like a rich boy.
"My seven-year-old sister was killed by Angkar
because she stole one ear of corn to eat.
Ac nid unigolion fyddai'n gorchymyn unrhyw beth, ond Angkar
- y mudiad.
The distinction seems pedantic, but places like S-21 were for the regime's elite or special cases needing interrogation and torture in the eyes of Angkar
In terms that imply a convenient remove from heinous events, Duch describes himself as an instrument of the communist Angkar
party, as a Marxand Lenin-inspired scholar who merely taught theory to his army of killers.
See generally Cambodia Society under the Angkar
, http://countrystudies.us/cambodia/29.htm (last visited Feb.
(19) The people knew the government only through its manifestation as Angkar
(the Organization), and the punishments for disobeying the Angkar
could be severe: beatings, hard labor, imprisonment, torture, and execution.
To accomplish such a radical, totalizing mission, the Khmer Rouge needed an equally totalizing justification: the motivating myth of Angkar
served as a rallying cry to make a new country, but also, poignantly, to unmake that which existed.
(17) At the same time, the Khmer Rouge sought to appropriate and transform the traditional attachment to family, by describing "(1) the intended new society as a one-family society"; (2) the Angkar
(18) as the people's provider and protector and therefore the rightful object of their allegiance, much in the same way as parents; and "(3) the political leader Pol Pot as 'brother number one' among the people, that is, the first-born" and, as such, the most respected family member.
I'd like to express my deepest remorse and sorrow for what I have implemented and what I have ordered for implementation, all which are seriously harmful to human rights even though (the acts) were at the orders of the 'angkar
' (the Khmer Rouge leadership).''
You started to believe it." (45) Another person said that playing music "was one of the Angkar
[regime]'s ways of killing us since it made our imaginations die by causing them to shrivel and run dry." (46) Music is powerful symbolically, and this power is utilized by states to control, discipline, and violate, as well as to suppress contesting social and political imaginations.