Forty-eight children between 6 months to 14 years were studied for the causes of megaloblastic anemia
was the commonest disorder amongst non-malignant disorders and leukemia was the commonest malignant disorder.
Ha tres tipos de anemia
nutricional, caracterizados de acordo com o fator deficiente e responsavel pela queda da hemoglobina: a anemia
hipocromica ferropriva, por deficiencia de ferro; a anemia
megaloblastica, por deficiencia de acido folico; e a anemia
perniciosa, pela deficiencia de vitamina B12.
Since then many studies have been done to classify anemia
. The red blood cell indices (RBC indices) are part of a routine blood test called the complete blood count (CBC).
An unhealthy diet is another big risk factor for anemia
, According to a study published in the April 2011 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, postmenopausal women who do not get adequate amounts of certain nutrients, most notably iron, vitamin B12, and folate, in their diets are at an increased risk of developing anemia
is not the most common cause of pancytopenia.
is recognized as the new epidemic among older adults.
in the first trimester of pregnancy increases the risk of preterm birth, small-for-gestational-age births, and intrauterine growth restriction (15).
can caused by deficiency of essential elements required for hemoglobin synthesis (iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid), repeated pregnancy, blood loss, worm infestation, chronic conditions such as chronic renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis, and tuberculosis are also known causes.
Definition of Anemia
. Hemoglobin concentrations were adjusted by participants' smoking status and altitude of residence as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).
The primary objective was to assess the extent of anemia
as mild (10-12 g/dl), moderate (8-10 g/dl) and severe (<8 g/dl).
If no other reason for a nonregenerative anemia
is found, a bone marrow aspirate--a sample taken with a large needle--must be performed under sedation or anesthesia to see if a primary bone marrow disease like cancer is present.
The problem of iron deficiency anemia
, although being a multi-interesting topic, is still not enough talked about.
According to literature study by Bloxham et al., (3) anemia
develops in 30-70% of patients with RA.
Common etiological patternidentified were Aplastic anemia
58(28.3%), Hematological malignancies 49 (23.9%), megaloblastic anemia40 (19.5%), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 16 (7.8%), iron deficiency anemia
9 (4.4%), hemolytic anemia
7 (3.41%), Visceral leishmaniasis 6 (2.93%), hypersplenism 5 (2.44%), malaria 5 (2.44%), anemia
of chronic disorder 4 (1.95%), Myelodisplastic syndrome 3 (1.46%), Niemen pick disease 2 (0.97%) and Gaucher disease in 1(0.49%).