Santilli et al., "Association between circulating adiponectin and interleukin-10 levels in android obesity
: effects of weight loss," Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.
Since this early pioneering work, in which Vague described the high risk form of obesity by the term "android obesity
" or male type (upper body) obesity, several studies have confirmed the notion that a high proportion of abdominal fat is a major risk factor for insulin resistance, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and related mortality (25), (26).
Higher abdominal fat (android obesity
) is known to be a risk factor for hypertension, hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and diabetes (22-24).
Though possibly less indicative of an increased risk for males, men with a waist:hip ratio greater than 1.0 are considered to have android obesity