Among other things, it needs some capability for limiting damage if, despite this second-strike capability, war occurs." This entails knocking out enemy offensive weapons before they can be used and reducing the vulnerability of an anarchist society
to an attack and its aftereffects.
(Dispossessed 333) Initially, the solution to the problem of moral living in an anarchist society
is captured in an organic metaphor.
The topic of education in an anarchist society
is broached in Kropotkin's letter to Spanish libertarian and educational reformer Francisco Ferrer (pp 643-45).
From his point of view, what he is considering is an example of that anarchist society
that is always in existence.
sudden uprisings for the creation of anarchist society
(22) Woodcock concludes that, in an anarchist society
where all members have equal access to economic security, free education, and are unencumbered by 'restrictive law or custom', 'the number of artists produced will be proportionately higher'.
Reaching this conclusion, he continued that Berneri, with her 'innate realism' realised the necessity of turning to 'psychology and education' to further the libertarian ideal, but accepted that the actual achievement of an anarchist society
This presumes that such specialist positions will be preserved in a post-revolutionary anarchist society
. We need not only be concerned only with whether nanoscientists will be in the mine pits.
These models and results 'tend to favour libertarian models of social organisation'--and so we see something a like a shift away from a moral vision of anarchism, outraged at the scandal of domination, to one that would ground the desirability of an anarchist society
in the superior productivity of anarchist organisational methodology.
Similarly, whilst the social fabric created by the Internet under capitalism is of a particular sort, there are once again issues which will not simply disappear in an anarchist society
. As someone who uses neither Facebook nor a mobile phone, my experience of both is that they have the opposite effect to that which we normally ascribe to them; it seems to me that they increase social fragmentation and encourage a highly individualised relationship with the rest of the world, and I don't see why this would be any different in an anarchist society
Although previous studies have investigated various facets of this anarchist society
, more might be said specifically about the ethics within it.1 In what follows I do not distinguish ethics from morality, address all the features of a complete ethical system, or consider whether oppressive power and its attendant evils would eventually creep into any anarchist society
Influenced especially by Kropotkin, Martin Buber and Gustav Landauer, he had come to believe that 'an anarchist society
, a society which organizes itself without authority, is always in existence, like a seed beneath the snow ...' His kind of anarchism, 'far from being a speculative vision of a future society', was 'a description of a mode of human organization, rooted in the experience of everyday life, which operates side by side with, and in spite of, the dominant authoritarian trends of our society':
The most important implication of these practices from an anarchist point of view is that they inform a distinctly anarchist view of social relationships, based on individual freedom, mutual aid and rich associational cultures of reciprocity - Ward gives us a much clearer picture of what social forms might flourish in an anarchist society
, where welfare and work are immanent features of human interaction.
Kropotkin conceived of an anarchist society
as 'an interwoven network, composed of an infinite variety of groups and federations of all sizes and degrees, local, regional, national, and international - temporary or more or less permanent - for all possible purposes: production, consumption and exchange, communications, sanitary arrangements, education, mutual protection, defence of the territory, and so on; and, on the other side, for the satisfaction of an ever-increasing number of scientific, artistic, literary and sociable needs' (Ward 1974: 52).
Hence, an anarchist society
is not possible unless anarchists use force to implement or maintain it.