Thus, this argument for continuity and succession should be seen within a tannaitic context (rather than as a later amoraic
131) Material from the Tannaitic period can also be found throughout the discussions in the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds, which, although they were compiled and redacted later in the Amoraic
period, preserve numerous stories, references, statements, and rulings of the various Tannaim.
It should be clear then that just as the amoraic
arguments produce different versions of tannaitic statements (Brava and Bnachman), so the arguments of rishonim necessarily constitute different versions of amoraim.
noted, this is explicitly stated in the later, Amoraic
, Midrash: 'As long as the seed of Amalek exists in the world neither the Name is complete nor the Throne is complete' (Psikta de-Ray Kahana, 3:16 [Mandelbaum, 1.
sources we note two interesting developments.
He knows that the earliest redaction of the sources postdates the New Testament and says that we cannot "trace and date developments with strict exactitude" (193), but he uses the materials rather freely, including Amoraic
Samuel, the Amoraic
leader of the Babylonian Jewish community at the time of the Sassanid conquest, went further, declaring it a religious principle that Jews should observe the law of the land as binding ("Dina De-Malkhuta Dina"), superseding, in some cases, even established Jewish law.
For from Josephus(11) through the Amoraic
tradition,(12) Abraham leads men under the wings of the Shekinah through argumentation and debate.
It investigates various tannaitic and amoraic
sources, generally midrashic, that related to Egyptian religion, culture, language, and literature against their historical setting in the Greco-Roman world.
A sampling of topics: source criticism and Talmudic passages about sorcery; the Babylonian Talmud's emphasis on demarcation of identity; the metamorphosis of a polemical amoraic
story; Progymnasmata and the evolution of a rabbinic genre; the metamorphosis of a narrative tradition and ways of acculturation; and Palestinian and Babylonian influences in the development of a legend.
It is also worth noting that in the older amoraic
literature of the Midrash (Gen.
In the Amoraic
period, as demonstrated by the emergence of the two Talmuds, two distinct communities began to take shape.
and that is the watershed between the Tannaic and the Amoraic
periods, so named after the Tannaim (sages whose teachings appear in the Mishnah) and the Amoraim (sages whose teachings appear in the Talmud but not in the Mishnah).
She also looks at the exegetical material in this Targum in light of relationships with rabbinic texts, particularly from the Tannaitic and Amoraic
For Halivni, Judaism after the Shoah is as dynamic as all Judaisms in the Tannaitic and most of the Amoraic