and field independence as predictors of proficiency in English as a second language.
Yurtsever (2000) examines the relationship between ambiguity tolerance
and ethical beliefs.
Unfortunately, most studies of ambiguity tolerance
in counseling are decades old and yielded few results (Levitt & Jacques, 2005).
English as first language) could give people higher levels of confidence, competence, and motivation to engage in intercultural communication as well as a higher level of ambiguity tolerance
in intercultural encounters.
Second, to explore the psychological factor of ambiguity tolerance
, which has been proposed to contribute to precognitive dream experiences (Blackmore & Moore, 1994), it was hypothesized that there would be a negative correlation between ambiguity tolerance
and the participants' target clip similarity ratings.
4) It is proposed to raise ambiguity tolerance
encourage them to think of different ideas and encouraged them to express their opinions.
Participants completed measures of ambiguity tolerance
(Herman, Stevens, Bird, Mendenhall, & Oddou, 2010), locus of control/personal control (Paulhus, 1983), and Big Five personality dimensions extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience (Gosling, Rentfrow, & Swann, 2003).
2002), (d) four items of the general ambiguity tolerance
scale (McLain, 1993), and (e) six items of the problem-specific ambiguity tolerance
scale (Ashford and Cummings, 1985).
Using Norton's Measure of Ambiguity Tolerance
(MAT-50) instrument, this study examines the TFA construct in the context of school leadership by sampling a large group of aspiring and practicing school leaders.
MacDonald (1970) proposed that persons with high ambiguity tolerance
deliberately seek unstructured situations.
In subsequent works (Frenkel-Brunswik, 1949, 1974), she describes the behavioral characteristics associated with ambiguity tolerance
(AT) such as resistance to apparently changing stimuli, premature selection of a single solution in an ambiguous problem and reluctance to change it, inability to consider the possibility of positive and negative traits in the same person, acceptance of "black or white" ideas about life, seeking certainty, a tendency to use rigid classification categories, etc.
Many psychologists have attempted to explain or categorize individual ambiguity tolerance
, group identification, and attitudes toward newcomer acceptance.
The Ambiguity Tolerance
Interface: A Modified Social Cognitive Model for Learning Under Uncertainty," The Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies 10:3 (2004): 69-81.
The finding may suggest that Indian managers of low ambiguity tolerance
create stable and predictable environments which guarantee effectiveness with some flexibility through the consignment of rules and procedures in the workplace.