Expert consensus for the diagnosis and treatment of cystic and alveolar echinococcosis
Wen-Guang et al., "Albendazole chemotherapy for human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis
in northwestern China," Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.
Expression of major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related molecule A NKG2D and transforming growth factor- beta in the liver of humans with alveolar echinococcosis
: new actors in the tolerance to parasites.
Schantz et al., "Differential serodiagnosis for cystic and alveolar echinococcosis
using fractions of Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid (antigen B) and E.
Matsuda, "Optimal risk management of human alveolar echinococcosis
with vermifuge," Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol.
Calcification and surrounding edema are rarely seen whereas these are commonly seen with cerebral alveolar echinococcosis
. Ventricle compression is common.
Treatments for "orphan" conditions (those that affect a very small minority of the general population, or conditions traditionally largely ignored by research and medicine, including Fabry's disease, alveolar echinococcosis
, variant renal cancer and high myopia) increasingly are neglected in such an environment.
Preoperative portal vein embolization for Gaint Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis
. Pak J Med Sci 2012;28(3):509-511
Red foxes are the definitive host for the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis, and accidental egg ingestion by humans leads to alveolar echinococcosis
, or hydatid cyst, a globally distributed disease that is lethal when untreated.
In people, the tapeworm can cause a serious disease called alveolar Echinococcosis
(AE), a condition currently regarded as one of the most significant zoonoses in Europe (Pawlowski et al.
multilocularis results in the more invasive 'alveolar echinococcosis
' that may spread metastatically through major organs.
This study did not find any association between IgE and either of the cytokines as shown by Wellinghausen et al (29) in patients with alveolar echinococcosis
. Though IL-4 was not detectable in all CE patients and controls, nephelometric analysis to study the Th2 cell activation among the patients with CE seems to be more authenticated than previous studies in vitro (11) as well as in vivo (30,31).
(Muller, 2001; Jenkins et al., 2005).
In Alaska from 1947 to 1990, 30 of 53 human cases of alveolar echinococcosis
were found in Eskimos.
(1,2) MRI is important for diagnosing alveolar echinococcosis
because of its ability to reveal its fibrous and infiltrative nature as well as the extent of the lesion.