Alphonse Bertillon


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Synonyms for Alphonse Bertillon

French criminologist (1853-1914)

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References in periodicals archive ?
Alphonse Bertillon, the legendary head of the forensic investigation department, carried out a thorough search of the crime scene.
Darwin, with his barnacles and finches, was probably the greatest exemplar, though the inclination to create categories also ran through the portraits of the French neurologist Duchenne de Boulogne, who charted human expressions simulated with the use of an electrical probe, and Alphonse Bertillon's mug-shots of Parisian criminals that, supposedly, allowed for the identification of 'criminal types'.
Along with key cases, he details such techniques as Alphonse Bertillon's program of physical measurements used to recognize habitual criminals; the study of fingerprints; Phillip Gravelle's comparison microscope for examining bullets; the development of bloodstain identification; and recent advances in DNA typing techniques, blood-spatter analysis, and face-pattern recognition.
In the 1880s, when a French crime fighter named Alphonse Bertillon pioneered the mug shot as a unique form of portraiture, the photographs he took were expected to do one thing: Help establish an individual's identity at a time when driver's licenses, fingerprint files, and Facebook pages didn't exist.
The work of Cesare Lombroso, Alphonse Bertillon (the creator of the "mug shot"), and Thomas Byrnes dominate the chapter.
Unsurprisingly, Dunbar found himself in a space that featured not only anthropology and ethnology, but that showcased Alphonse Bertillon's Bertillonage ("Anthropometry" 196).
In the 1880s, Parisian anthropologist Alphonse Bertillon pioneered the system based on a belief that a person's bone structure remains unchanged after age 20.