Finally, in order to lower the importance of these diseases to public health, it is of paramount importance the development of a vaccine or an antiviral treatment to alphavirus infections
, due to the impact mayaro and chikungunya fever may have on the quality of life of people infected with these viruses.
The differential diagnosis for Zika infection includes dengue, leptospirosis, malaria, rickettsia, group A streptococcus, rubella, measles, adenovirus, and alphavirus infections
Aedes, Culex, Psorohpora, and Culiseta are all known to transmit alphavirus infections
Subclinical infections are possible with all alphavirus infections
However, alphavirus infections
not endemic to Australia are unlikely to be diagnosed serologically because specific assays are generally available only for those viruses known to circulate in Australia.