Finally, in order to lower the importance of these diseases to public health, it is of paramount importance the development of a vaccine or an antiviral treatment to alphavirus infections
, due to the impact mayaro and chikungunya fever may have on the quality of life of people infected with these viruses.
In conclusion, cytokine level testing in alphavirus infections
with prolonged arthralgia may aid monitoring patient symptoms.
The differential diagnosis for Zika infection includes dengue, leptospirosis, malaria, rickettsia, group A streptococcus, rubella, measles, adenovirus, and alphavirus infections
Aedes, Culex, Psorohpora, and Culiseta are all known to transmit alphavirus infections
. For the encephalitic alphaviruses, most infections are asymptomatic, but febrile illness can onset 2-10 days after infection and progress to encephalitis in approximately 5% of people.
Subclinical infections are possible with all alphavirus infections