Similarly, both Spanish and English use an alphabetic writing system
, whereas Chinese uses a logographic writing system.
"The conscious representations of phonemes play a crucial role in the learning of literacy abilities in the alphabetic writing system
. Children do not become spontaneously aware of phonemes.
On the other hand, if the child is taught exclusively by the look-say method, he is unlikely to be able to master reading our alphabetic writing system
and is very likely to become functionally illiterate.
Reading researchers indicate that poor readers demonstrated extreme difficulty with phonemic awareness tasks such as rhyming, segmenting and blending (Bradley and Bryant 1985; Goswami and Bryant 1990; Yopp and Singer 1985; Goldstein 1974; Roswell and Chall 1997) that are critical to decoding our alphabetic writing system
. The inability to decode the alphabetic writing system
will further impact students' reading comprehension and fluency.
The defining characteristic of an alphabetic writing system
is that letters of the written code represent sounds of the spoken code.