At different times, and particularly during the crisis following the fall of the Almoravids
(shortly after Ibn Barrajan's death), judges stepped into the power vacuum and ruled over local populations.
Wasserstein's revisionist interpretation convincingly demonstrates that it is the advent of the Almoravids
, not the departure of the Umayyads, that constitutes the key event of eleventh-century Muslim Spain and signals the end of the western caliphate.
His grandfather, the influential Abdul Walid Mohammad, was the chief judge of CEaArdoba, under the Almoravid
The book's thematic chapters are historically descriptive and comparative and present the world of the Almoravids
and Almohads through a broad lens.
King Ibn Abbad of the taifa of Seville] some foreigners called Almoravids
were summoned from Africa to Spain.
Within a few years it became obvious that this would not be enough and in frustration, and Ibn Yasin recruited a fighting force of zealots known as the Almoravids
. By 1076, the Almoravids
had swept across Africa and toppled the Ghana empire, weakened by drought and tribal wars.
She was a refugee Muslim, who fled to King Alfonso VI's court -- the Spanish King of Leon, Castile and Galicia, during the attack on the Abbasid kingdom by the Almoravids
(25) After the Almoravids
swept over the taifas in the twelfth century, they no longer had to pay tribute to Christians.
Afterwards during this epoch, Morocco soon broke up into different kingdoms; the first was the Adarissa (788-974), followed by the Almoravids
(974-1147), the Almohads (1147-1248), the Marinids (1248-1465), the Wattasids (1465-1555), the Saadians (1554-1659), and later the Alaouites (1664present day) [2-4].
With the Islamic State's power diminishing in Syria and Iraq, international voices warned against the consequences of the organization's fighters moving to more vulnerable geographical regions that are more susceptible to terror's growth , especially the African Sahel which includes states that suffer from political, economic and security issues on the borders, and which are also permeated with extremist trans-border organizations, such as Almoravids
and Al-Qaeda in countries of the Islamic Maghreb, Ansar al-Din Macina Brigades and Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin that are predominantly active in Mali, and finally, the new branch of ISIS in the Sahara.
The splendid courts of such Moroccan dynasties as the Almoravids
and the Almohads, with their ties to and influence in Cordoba, Sevilla and Granada, were indeed a vital link in civilization.
In the fourth chapter, "The Myth of Umayyad Tolerance," Fernandez-Morera refutes the argument that the tolerance and liberality of the earlier Umayyad dynasty of Cordoba were ended only because of the triumph of the Almoravids
and Almohads: "The celebrated Umayyads actually elevated religious and political persecutions, inquisitions, beheadings, impalings, and crucifixions to heights unequaled by any other set of rulers before or after in Spain" (120).
Born in Cordova (now Cordoba) in 1126 at the time of the Almoravids
, Rushd was widely acknowledged as the Moorish intellectual who had the most profound effect on Western thought, because of his translation of the works of Aristotle.
Baadj traces the conflict for North Africa between the Almohad dynasty based in al-Andalus and the western Maghrib; the Banu Ghaniya, a branch of the Almoravids
, from whom the Almohad had taken power, now established on Majorca; and the forces of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi.
After Granada was captured by the Almoravids
around 1090, however, its Jews had to abandon the city again.