Additionally, the method herein employed does not require direct handling of an alkyl halide
or dimethyl sulfate, therefore eliminating the respective health risks.
Next, partial quaternization of the tertiaryamino-functional POSS was achieved using an alkyl halide
to produce the Q-POSS.
(1999a), corrected for a printing error reported in Table 4.5 of this source for the class of alkyl halides
, mercaptans, sulphides and disulphides.
Chapters cover acids and bases; organic molecules and reactions of alkenes and alkynes; aromatic compounds; stereochemistry; alkyl halides
; alcohols, phenols, and ethers; aldehydes and ketones; carboxylic acids and derivatives; carbonyl alpha-substitution reactions; amines; structure determination; biomolecules; and metabolic pathways.
ATRP is initiated by alkyl halides
; therefore, any polymer that has a sufficiently active alkyl halide
end-group could initiate ATRP to afford block copolymers.
Currently, most of the metal-mediated reactions involve allylation or propargylation, and more recently, secondary alkyl halides
. However, the reactions did not work well with primary alkyl or aryl halides.
Ferrocene is known to readily form charge transfer complexes (CTCs) with alkyl halides
, as evidenced by the appearance of a feature indicative of a charge transfer complex at ~310 nm; subsequently, upon irradiation, the complex dissociates into the ferrocenium ion, chloride ion, and alkyl radical (Fig.