In this Journal, Shaina Hammerman reviews the first volume, Alfred Dreyfus
: Man, Milieu, Mentality, and Midrash, while Raymond Apple reviews the second, In The Context of His Times: Alfred Dreyfus
as Lover, Intellectual, Poet, and Jew.
Such was the case of French Captain Alfred Dreyfus
who, in 1894, was arrested as a spy for Germany and imprisoned on Devil's Island.
Tasked with preserving a cache of films by Georges Melies, Frances finds herself embroiled in a real-life mystery surrounding The Dreyfus Affair, Melies's reconstruction of the infamous 1894 scandal in which Alfred Dreyfus
, a Jewish officer in the French military, was falsely accused of spying for Germany.
At one stage she even compared Strauss-Kahn's 'ordeal' to that suffered in the 1890s by Alfred Dreyfus
, a Jewish French army officer who was imprisoned for high treason because of an anti-Semitic conspiracy, but was then dramatically cleared.
When Emile Zola said 'J'accuse' in 1898, he accused the highest echelons of the French army of obstruction of justice and anti-Semitism, in the case of Captain Alfred Dreyfus
, who was convicted unjustly of leaking information to the German Embassy, and was banished to Devil's Island.
Most readers will already be familiar with the case, but in brief, Alfred Dreyfus
, an Alsatian Jew, family man and, by numerous accounts, somewhat nondescript artillery officer, was wrongly convicted of treason in a hurried court martial, publicly humiliated on the Champ de Mars in front of a crowd yelling "Jew
, a Jew and a captain in the French army, had been wrongly convicted by court-martial of treason, largely on the strength of secret and forged evidence.
The man at the center of the storm was Captain Alfred Dreyfus
, a wealthy Jewish artillery officer serving on the army General Staff.
First conceived in the early 1980s, when the Soviet Jewry movement reached a critical mass as a consequence of the closing of Soviet immigration in 1979, this story of Captain Alfred Dreyfus
(1859-1935), a French Jewish military officer falsely accused of giving state secrets to the Germans in 1894, presented a particularly rich discourse for the modeling of contemporaneous political protest on behalf of a Jewish cause.
Writer Emile Zola finger-pointed in an admirable way in his famous open letter of 1898, called J'accuse, in which he accused the government of anti-Semitism and the unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus
Gregory the Great is branded an Antisemite--when, in fact, his policies were unusual for their accommodation--and the most notable examples of church-supported Antisemitism, such as the Alfred Dreyfus
affair or the case of Edgardo Mortara, go without mention.
He was assigned to cover the notorious trial in 1894, of Captain Alfred Dreyfus
, a Jewish officer in the French army wrongly accused (as time would prove) by his army superiors of high treason.
In October 1894, those fears appeared to be validated with the arrest, on a charge of spying for the Germans, of a Jewish captain in the artillery, Alfred Dreyfus
Moreover, in 1894, a scant five years after the Fair was mounted, Alfred Dreyfus
, a Jewish captain in the French Army, was convicted of espionage.
Celestin defended artillery officer Alfred Dreyfus
who was falsely accused of giving the German embassy French military secrets.