probably died of poisoning, along with his son, Cesare.
He also stood by Cesare Borgia after the death of Alexander VI
on 21 August, and is documented to have served under the Duke as late as December 1503.
 At the end of the fifteenth century, the pr ospect of a dynasty gaining control of the papacy and its territory rose again during the pontificate of the Borgia pope, Alexander VI
. His son Cesare's audacious campaign to wrest control of papal lands from their signori (witnessed and described by Machiavelli) would have laid the foundation for a territorial state controlled by the Borgia, and thus in a position to manipulate papal elections.
The book also includes memorable last words - "Wait a minute..." (Pope Alexander VI
, 1503); notable eccentrics - King Charles VI of France refused to travel by coach as he thought his legs were made of glass; and astounding statistics - 24 Japanese people have been killed bowing to each other.
The Christmas Missal of Alexander VI
(1492-1494) is considered to be one of the Vatican Library's finest illuminated manuscripts of the Renaissance period.
His first joke criticizes former popes Alexander VI
(for his violence) and Nicholas V (for his overall lack of merit [2.48]).
And not just the infamous Borgia, Pope Alexander VI
. One teenage Pope resigned to marry his cousin.
The work is loosely structured chronologically around the pontificates of Alexander VI
, Julius II, and Leo X, but the approach is largely biographical with the emphasis on humanists, including such well-known figures as Pomponio Leto, Raffaele Maffei, Paolo Cortesi, Battista Casali, Giles of Viterbo, Tommaso Inghirami, Johann Goritz, Gianfranceso Pico della Mirandola, Pietro Bembo, Marco Fabio Calvo, and many others.
There followed the French invasion of Milan, the civil strife in Pistoia, the threat to Florentine security posed by the forces of Cesare Borgia, and the death of Pope Alexander VI
and the election of his successor, Julius II.
The second examines his extensive political influence as a cardinal and diplomat during the pontificates of Alexander VI
Borgia and Julius II Della Rovere (1503-1513).
Goritz had arrived in Rome from his native Luxembourg sometime during the reign of Alexander VI
and soon became well established in the Curia, first as a registrar of supplications and later as a papal protonotary.
The Catalan Rodrigo Borja (pope Alexander VI
) appears as the "Spaniard Alessandro Borgia" (xi), and the Swiss humanist and printer Simon Grynaeus is Italianized as Simone Grineo (xxiv).
| 1492: Roderigo Borgia bribed enough cardinals to become Pope Alexander VI
Duterte was referring to Lucrezia Borgia, the daughter of Spanish Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia who later became Pope Alexander VI
and his mistress Vannoza Cattanei in the 15th century.
Rodrigo Borgia, while a priest, had four children with his mistress before he became Pope Alexander VI
, an excess that helped spur Martin Luther's Protestant Reformation.