(7) The definition of the Arctic adopted by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP)--a working group of the Arctic Council--"essentially includes the terrestrial and marine areas north of the Arctic Circle (66[degrees]32' N), and north of 62[degrees] N in Asia and 60[degrees]N in North America, modified to include the marine areas north of the Aleutian chain
, Hudson Bay, and parts of the North Atlantic, including the Labrador Sea." (8) The AMAP website includes a map showing the Arctic Circle, 10o C isotherm, tree line, and AMAP definitions of the Arctic.
The United States de1/4unes the US Arctic as all US territory north of the Arctic Circle or "north and west of the boundary formed by the Porcupine, Yukon, and Kuskokwim Rivers; all contiguous seas, including the Arctic Ocean and the Beaufort, Bering, and Chukchi Seas; and the Aleutian chain
Then we headed west for a thousand miles or so along the Aleutian chain
until we landed at Shemya, an island four miles long and two miles wide with a 10,000-foot runway.
There is also $6.1 million in the budget to upgrade facilities in Cold Bay and Sitkinak, Alaska, near the Bering Sea and Aleutian Chain
. There are no funds yet for permanent bases on the Arctic side of the state, though.
By December 2012 the small island village of Akutan in the Aleutian chain
will have a 4,500-foot-long runway to serve its population of 100 residents (which expands to as many as 1,000 in the summer).
If you want to get to the islands in the Aleutian chain
, there's no other way to get all the way out there," says Douglas Burn, supervisory wildlife biologist for the Marine Mammals Management Office.
For the study, the researchers examined the small, sooty-gray seabirds during fieldwork on Big Koniuji in the Shumagin Islands in the Aleutian Chain
during June and July of 2002.
Unalaska, the second largest island in the Aleutian chain
, is the setting for this account of the Jesse Lee Home, an Methodist orphanage that was run by missionaries from 1889 to 1925.
The urgency in building this military road was due to the 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and later takeover of two islands at the tip of the Aleutian Chain
. Since Alaska's invasion seemed imminent, building a supply line became a priority.
The rapid-response capability of the ISS was well demonstrated in 2006, when Expedition 13 Flight Engineer Jeff Williams observed volcanic activity at Cleveland Volcano, located within the Aleutian chain
of islands extending westwards from Alaska.
787), a species that breeds only as far north as the Alaska Peninsula and Near Islands in the Aleutian chain
, was included as an "Arctic" species, while the great cormorant, which breeds along the coast of southwest Greenland, was not.
In one case, a distant earthquake - perhaps in Alaska's Aleutian chain
, or even as far away as Japan - triggers a tsunami that is detected by remote buoys as it crosses the northern Pacific Ocean on its way to Oregon.
In the mid-1700s, Russian fur traders first introduced nonindigenous foxes onto islands in the Aleutian chain
. The predators thrived, feeding on local birds and their eggs, and eventually supported a rich fur industry.
Alaska has nearly 30 species of sport fish, including record-breaking halibut that have been hauled from the waters surrounding the Aleutian Chain
One other area of northern rockfish abundance was found in the Aleutian surveys but not in the fishery: Stalemate Bank at the far western end of the Aleutian chain
. For the relatively small catch of northern rockfish in the eastern Bering Sea, only one important fishing ground was identified, near Southeast Zhemchug Canyon.