's patronage is represented in the exhibition by the sumptuous embroidered chasuble he gave to the church (Fig.
His Holiness is accompanied by his two nephews--Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
, Paul III's secretary of state, and Pier Luigi, a gonfalonier--and by his faithful secretary, Bartolomeo Guidaccioni.
The palace was begun by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger around 1513 to 1514 for then Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
(1468-1549) and expanded for the Pope by Michelangelo and then completed by Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola, and Giacomo della Porta.
A second essay describes the tension between the Jesuits and Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
(the imperious patron of Gesu--the Jesuit's most important church in Rome).
The grandest apartments were those of Alessandro Farnese
, Pope Paul III (r.1534-49).
Titian's portrait of Alessandro Farnese
, known as Paul III or Paul III without Hat (Fig.
Hudon charts the career of the well-connected insider Marcello Cervini from priesthood to tutor and secretary of Pope Paul III's grandson, Alessandro Farnese
. Accompanying the latter on diplomatic legations to France and the Empire, Cervini gained the experience that prepared him as papal legate to Trent, diocesan administrator, cardinal and curialist, director of the Roman Inquisition and the Vatican Library, and finally as Pope, albeit for only three weeks.
(33/) Regarding the fitful plans to decorate the Sala Grande (Sala di Fasti di Alessandro Farnese
), see Zapperi, op.
(1) His artistic legacy is rightfully linked to grand and large-scale projects, such as the commissions by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
for the Palazzo Cancelleria in Rome, and the ambitious programs extolling the dynastic ambitions of Cosimo I in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (Robertson 57-68).
Integrating religio-politics (Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
and Marie de Medicis) and other spheres (including melancholia); finally, the myth legacy arrives at the nascent age of science in the early Seicento when some begin to hope that astrology will finally bow to astronomy and myth to history.
Hudon details the work of Cervini during the various phases of his career: his education in humanist studies, his service as tutor then secretary to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
, grandson of Pope Paul III, his missions to the imperial court and to France, his work as legate to the Council of Trent, his administration of the dioceses of Nicastro, Reggio Emilia, and Gubbio, and his service as a director of the Roman Inquisition.
Their love child, Alessandro Farnese
, is now a priest.
In the final life, which is on his own career, Vasari writes that the idea to commence the Lives originated at a dinner hosted by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
at the Palazzo Farnese in Rome in the mid-1540s.
In 1560 Zuccaro was granted the most important commission of his career, the decoration of the enormous villa that Alessandro Farnese
was building in Caprarola.
Yet the city's resilience is underscored by the title of Robertson's chapter, "Phoenix Romanus." As Pope Paul III, Alessandro Farnese
married his own family ambitions to a celebration of the visual arts, as can be seen in the breadth of commissions Robertson presents, from Michelangelo's Last Judgment (begun under Clement VII) to the Pauline Chapel, the Palazzo Farnese, and the renovation of the Campidoglio.