The palace was begun by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger around 1513 to 1514 for then Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
(1468-1549) and expanded for the Pope by Michelangelo and then completed by Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola, and Giacomo della Porta.
This "absent emblem," together with the long beard, bald head, long, hooked nose, and an ample spade-shaped beard, (25) transforms Alessandro Farnese
into Saint Paul.
Hudon charts the career of the well-connected insider Marcello Cervini from priesthood to tutor and secretary of Pope Paul III's grandson, Alessandro Farnese
Their love child, Alessandro Farnese
, is now a priest.
Integrating religio-politics (Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
and Marie de Medicis) and other spheres (including melancholia); finally, the myth legacy arrives at the nascent age of science in the early Seicento when some begin to hope that astrology will finally bow to astronomy and myth to history.
Hudon details the work of Cervini during the various phases of his career: his education in humanist studies, his service as tutor then secretary to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
, grandson of Pope Paul III, his missions to the imperial court and to France, his work as legate to the Council of Trent, his administration of the dioceses of Nicastro, Reggio Emilia, and Gubbio, and his service as a director of the Roman Inquisition.
In the final life, which is on his own career, Vasari writes that the idea to commence the Lives originated at a dinner hosted by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
at the Palazzo Farnese in Rome in the mid-1540s.
In 1560 Zuccaro was granted the most important commission of his career, the decoration of the enormous villa that Alessandro Farnese
was building in Caprarola.
As Pope Paul III, Alessandro Farnese
married his own family ambitions to a celebration of the visual arts, as can be seen in the breadth of commissions Robertson presents, from Michelangelo's Last Judgment (begun under Clement VII) to the Pauline Chapel, the Palazzo Farnese, and the renovation of the Campidoglio.
17) and that probably made by Lucio Marliano, called Piccinino, of Milan for Alessandro Farnese
, Duke of Parma, about 1576-80 (nos.
Butler), Durer as patronized by Frederick the Wise and Emperor Maximillian I (Larry Silver), Giulio Clovio in the court of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
(Elena Calvillo), and Dosso Dossi in Ferrara (Giancarlo Fiorenza).
23), painted for Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
in 1544-46, and one of the most sensuous and masterly of all Titian's mythologies.
Both texts explicitly compared the military achievements of their honorands to the ancient triumphatores: Alessandro Farnese
was said to 'have equalled or surpassed the glory of the triumphs of his ancestors'; Marcantonio Colonna's memorial was decorated with figures of captured Turks, very much in the guise of defeated barbarians on an ancient Roman monument.
29) Its success also may have led Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
to request a work by Barocci for the Gesu.
The ensuing years of turmoil ended when Ottavio Farnese, under the guidance of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
, agreed to marry Charles V's natural daughter, Margarita of Austria (1552); by 1559, the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza was reality and Ottavio, its duke.