Repertorium zu Albrecht von Hallers
Even more sceptical than Comfort was Thomas Szasz, who compared the cruel treatment of masturbators in the nineteenth century with the persecution of witches at an earlier period and related the obsession with masturbation as a illness-generating vice to the decline in the belief that diseases were the result of divine punishment for sin or the operations of witchcraft; in an age trying to be scientific, but when the cause of diseases was not understood, blaming them on personal habits was both morally satisfying and consistent with the "nerve force" theories then being developed by Albrecht von Haller
(1708-77) and William Cullen (1710-90) as alternatives to traditional explanations based on humoral balance which stretched back to Hippocrates and Galen.
Established in 1751 as the second oldest German academy (after Berlin-Brandenburg) by the great scholar Albrecht von Haller
, the academy elected, and still elects, its "regular" members principally from the university faculty.
It was Albrecht von Haller
who named the ovarian follicles after De Graaf, calling them ova Graafiana; later they came to be called Graafian vesicles and eventually, Graafian follicles.
One of the first modern poets to treat nature as a principal subject, he was the forerunner of the new poetic attitude toward nature in German literature that culminated in the works of Heinrich von Kleist and the Swiss anatomist and physiologist Albrecht von Haller