The leaders of the heretics were head and shoulders above the crowd in their lives, real leaders; the monasticism of Abbot Almeric and of Peter and Raoul was very ordinary and gentlemanly and showed no kinship with the heroism of the Albigensians
To control those already organized in opposition against it, the Church worked aggressively to extirpate entrenched heresy through various repressive measures: prohibitions, anathemas, inquisitorial processes, and the Albigensian
Crusade, all aiming to strike at these resilient new sects.
I spent some time in the Pays d'oc, in Albi, with the primary intention of seeing the ruins of the Albigensian
In one of the most notorious atrocities of the 20-year Albigensian
wars in France, Simon de Montfort took the city of Bram in 1210.
This is why the Leonese heresy tended to be associated with what signified heresy in Rome: the Albigensian
None of these warriors will have the blood of the enemy in their face and, possibly, on their conscience like the knights of the Albigensian
58) See Pegg, The Corruption of Angels; Pegg, 'On the Cathars, the Albigensians
, and Good Men of Languedoc'; Pegg, 'Questions About Questions: Toulouse 609 and the Great Inquisition of 1245-1246', in Texts and the Repression of Medieval Heresy, eds Peter Biller and Caterina Bruschi (York: York Medieval Press, 2002), pp.
IDPA split off from it almost 15 years ago over differences in equipment and approach--differences that from this distance appear to matter about as much as what caused the French to go after the Albigensians
a couple of centuries ago.
Subjects from the preaching of the First Crusade in 1098 through the later Crusades against the Albigensians
and other heretical sects are included.
The Cathars of southern France, known as Albigensians
after the city of Albi, a stronghold of heresy, were admired and protected by many of the local lords, most notably Count Raymond VI of Toulouse.
As a result, Orchard and Graves uncritically interchanged "Baptists" with a host of disparate dissenting groups including Montanists, Novationists, Paulicians, Bogomils, Albigensians
, Waldensians, Lollards, Hussites, and Anabaptists.
In addition to frayed morality, an equally prominent reason was contemporary antisacramental movements, especially the Cathari, known as the Albigensians
in southern France and as the Patarenes in Lombardy, who rejected the flesh and material creation as evil, concluding about sacraments that God does not act through evil instruments.
Or they were incompatible sectarians and heretics--Waldensians, Albigensians
, Lollards, Lutherans Zwinglians, Calvinists, etc.
Following quickly on the heels of the Waldensians and Albigensians
, the Spiritual Franciscans also identified the pope with the Antichrist.
Are we to believe that the murder of the papal legate Pierre de Castelnau by Provencal Albigensians
and the Anabaptist takeover of Munster, to cite only the most notorious examples, were purely political events lacking any necessary connection to the beliefs of their instigators?