According to Israeli statements, the operations of Hamas and Al-Jihad Al-Islami resulted in launching 400 rockets and wounding 19 Israeli citizens, while the Iron Dome system intercepted about 100 Palestinian rockets.
This article is divided into three parts: 1) an introduction that contextualizes the need for resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict; 2) the main body of the article develops the discourses of many Islamic fundamentalist movements, especially Hamas, al-Jihad al-Islami and Hizbullah, on the current peace negotiations and agreements.
Of course, the first Islamic groups to object were the Islamist movements such as Hamas and al-Jihad al-Islami.
Hamas and al-Jihad al-Islami have also launched military operations against the Israeli army, the most famous of which led to the deportation of more than four hundred people affiliated with the Islamic movements.
The ideology of Hamas is therefore based on religious principles that transform the Arab-Israeli conflict into a religious war between Islam and Judaism.(12) Al-Jihad al-Islami in Palestine represents as well a challenge to both Israel and the PLO.