The studies were conducted in the farm of Rodina firm in the Akmolinsk
region under climatic conditions typical for North Kazakhstan.
Indeed, there are many opportunities to learn about the difficult legacy of Soviet oppression at historical gulag sites around Astana, including ALZHIR, the Akmolinsk
Camp for Wives of Traitors to the Motherland.
In the 19th century Akmolinsk
was a large commercial and a major agricultural center of the steppe.
To stake Kazakhstan's claim to these northern territories, the first Kazakh president Nazarbaev moved in 1998 his country's capital from the southern city of Almaty northward to the Russian city of Akmolinsk
in the forbidding steppe of Virgin Lands, and renamed the city Astana (which literally means the Capital in the Kazakh language).
three taxa from Akmolinsk
, three subspecies of heptapotamicus from Alatau-Almaty (Table 1).
For instance, the Kirghiz regions of Semipalatinsk and Akmolinsk
had 2,853 Orthodox congregants.
By the 1830s they had conquered Ural'sk and Turgay and parts of Akmolinsk
For example, Akmola researchers have been measuring the humus content on the grain fields of the large "Oktyabr" state farm in the Akmolinsk
region since 1968.