George Fogle, Mason, Mich., says the wheel is identical to those used by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
during the mid-1930s.
The book shows how New Deal farm programs helped large landowners at the expense of tenant farmers and sharecroppers; how the National Industrial Recovery Act contributed to monopoly and to the development of cartels within industries, undercutting recovery; how Social Security slowed the recovery, taxing workers, removing money from the wider economy, and contributing to higher unemployment; and how African-Americans were hurt by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
and the Wagner Act's sponsorship of unions.
To rescue the nation's farmers, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
(AAA) paid subsidies to those who voluntarily reduced their crop acreages in an effort to eliminate overproduction, increase prices, and raise rural people's liv ing standards.
The first was with the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
, then Triple-A, to which Kennedy in an earlier work has given informed attention.
Opposition mounted to production quotas, yields were increased on quota acreage through the substitution of capital and labor for land, and farmer participation in Agricultural Adjustment Act programs declined.(23) In addition, the dramatic actions taken by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
in 1933, such as the plow down of cotton acreage and the emergency hog slaughter, brought wide-spread criticism of the agency.(24) To more strictly enforce farm quotas, Congress passed the Bankhead Cotton Control Act, April 21, 1934, and the Kerr-Smith Act, June 28, 1934 for tobacco, taxing production from acreage beyond individual assignments.(25)
Outstanding productions included Triple-A Plowed Under, dealing with the Supreme Court's invalidation of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
(AAA), and One-Third of a Nation, dramatizing the plight of the poor.