This literature reveals a problematic process for ethnic minorities; particularly Blacks who face difficulties in securing the kind of support they need from key agents of socialization
To determine which agents of socialization
are the most influential, the second questionnaire was an Interpersonal Questionnaire (IQ), self-created, with 32 items: 8 to evaluate the family as a socializing agent, 8 for school, 8 for the media and 8 to assess whether male or female classmates also perform the role of socialization agents.
To better understand the contextual antecedents that impact these numbers, a survey must be conducted to explore the impact of agents of socialization
, personal challenges, immigration status, and other variables affecting academic success.
Sources of these stereotypes are mostly agents of socialization
which include family, school, religion, peer group and mass media.
The primary responsibility of the primary agents of socialization
was required to be fulfilled in accordance with the standard rules of any society.
They also claim, "The primary agents of socialization
in this culture--the media, the schools, social service agencies--are willfully secular in orientation" and, therefore, "religion seems to have been excluded from the full benefits of public life.
In her book Telling Tales, Dianne Johnson points out that generally children's books are used "as agents of socialization
, politicization, and of formal education" (1).
While family and home background are often viewed as the primary agents of socialization
, schools are seen as a significant secondary agent, along mass media exposure (Atkin, 1981; Bronstein, 1993), the political context of the times (Niemi, 1974) and the role of the individual as an independent factor in the process (Chaffee, Pan and McLeod, 1995; Haste and Torney-Purta, 1992; Jennings and Niemi, 1974; Knutson, 1974; Niemi, 1974).
Although the churches proved remarkably resilient to the often subtle assaults from the dictatorship, Nazism also served to show their increasing failure as agents of socialization