In a now declassified report for the US department of veterans affairs, Admiral ER Zumwalt Jr wrote that Dow Chemical and other manufacturers knew Agent Orange
exposure could cause "general organ toxicity" and "other systematic problems" as early as 1964.
After they began to experience a wide variety of medical problems, including type 2 diabetes, prostate cancer, multiple myeloma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, it was presumed that Agent Orange
exposure was the cause.
The herbicide Agent Orange
was sprayed over South Vietnam between 1962 and 1971, ultimately covering nearly 20% of the country's surface.
For example, Major General John Murray--who evaluated military records aspects of the now abandoned Agent Orange
Study--is quoted as seeming to urge abandonment of all military records--based studies with Young's emphasis-added, capitalized, and boldfaced "NOT.
Major Finding: Graves' disease was diagnosed in 54 of 23,939 veterans exposed to Agent Orange
and 148 of 200,109 nonexposed veterans (OR 3.
I tried to convince Life to publish Philip Jones Griffiths's work on Agent Orange
in Vietnam alongside my U.
However, it is almost impossible to establish direct causal connections between individual sufferers and their possible exposure to Agent Orange
Savage III of Worcester said of Agent Orange
, "It was a pretty hard thing to figure out where it was not.
Exposure to Agent Orange
, an herbicide used extensively during the war in Vietnam, has taken its toll on a significant number of those who served there.
While the payment will no doubt be welcome to many military and civilian recipients, Ken Dobbie, president of the Agent Orange
Association of Canada, describes it as "totally inadequate.
In 1997 the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer included the dioxin congener (TCDD) contained in Agent Orange
and other agents used in the conflict in Vietnam as carcinogenic (cancer-producing) to humans.
While the toxic properties of Agent Orange
and other "jungle defoliants" were well known even in the early 1960s, the vast spraying campaign has turned much of Vietnam into a lab experiment gauging the long-term effects of dioxin exposure.
Last year, he was placed on 100 percent medical disability because his Parkinson's and diabetes were linked to exposure to the defoliant Agent Orange
in Vietnam, his wife said.
and Monsanto, have to pay damages of more than $60m to almost 6,800 South Korean veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange
during the Vietnam war.
HUNDREDS of Scots soldiers were exposed to Agent Orange
- one of the world's most deadly poisons - on a military exercise.