Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to determine differences in total effective tax rates, share of after-tax income, and amount of after-tax income by presidential term (Reagan, G.
As can be seen in Table 2, the share of after-tax income was significantly higher during the Clinton administration than either the Reagan or G.
Among households with children, the share of after-tax income was significantly higher during the Clinton administration than that of the Reagan administration for those households in the top one percent.
Among elderly households without children, the shares of after-tax income for middle quintile households during the Clinton administration and during the G.
After all, there are a number of plausible answers to the outcomes question, of which distributing a tax increase in proportion to after-tax incomes is the least progressive.
A first step in that direction would be to institutionalize--in Congress and the Executive Branch--the regular preparation and dissemination of distributional analyses of after-tax incomes.
20) The progressivity of the current income tax makes the distribution of after-tax income somewhat less unequal than the distribution of pretax income.
Late in the book, they disassociate their argument from "the claim that the entire social product really belongs to the government, and that all after-tax income should be seen as a kind of dole that each of us receives from the government, if it chooses to look on us with favor" (p.
Changes in real consumption, real after-tax income, and real wages of households with different work statuses are examined using Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) data for four years: 1960, 1972, 1984, and 1996 (U.
Real consumption and real after-tax income may also perform more poorly if increased market work hours do not change enough to counteract the
These include real consumption, real after-tax income, market work time, and after-tax real wages.