It is true that he uses 'Semite' in its broadest sense to mean all speakers of Semitic languages, and at times, even all the Afroasiatic language
Probability is a crucial factor in assessing the genetic connection between Egyptian and other Afroasiatic languages
. Questions of probability arise as soon as one comes face to face with the contrast between, on the one hand, the widely held view that the evidence for this connection is very sparse and, on the other hand, the sheer bulk of a volume of one thousand pages devoted to words beginning with just one of the about twenty-five phonemes of Egyptian.
number well into the hundreds, but reference grammars about them are few.
(15.) This root type is attested in all of the Semitic languages and also occurs in other Afroasiatic languages
, such as Egyptian (Gardiner 1957(3): [section]274; Edel 1955: [section][section]429-39; cf.
In Research in Afroasiatic Grammar II: Selected Papers from the Fifth Conference on Afroasiatic Languages
, Paris, 2000, Jacqueline Lecarme (ed.), 151-185.
Two of them consider links between different Afroasiatic languages
, but the others are devoted to Semitic languages.
In Jacqueline Lecarme (ed.), Research in Afroasiatic Grammar II: Selected papers from the Fifth Conference on Afroasiatic Languages
, Paris, 2000, 241-61.
(ed.).Research in Afroasiatic Grammar II: selected papers from the fifth conference on Afroasiatic languages
, Paris 2000, 241-261.
April 2006, and at the Joint session of the 217th meeting of the American Oriental Society and the 35th meeting of the North American Conference of Afroasiatic Languages
, San Antonio, March 2007.
Papers from the Third Conference on Afroasiatic Languages
, Sophia Antipolis 1996) [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 202], ed.
The book will undoubtedly be of interest to all specialists in Egyptian language and Hieroglyphic orthography as well as to scholars specializing in Afroasiatic languages
Behnstedt and Woidich are to be congratulated for producing this outstanding compendium that will surely be the standard by which one comes to measure future dialectological works for the Semitic and Afroasiatic languages
Macdonald ("New Thoughts on a Biliteral Origin for the Semitic Verb," Annual of the Leeds University Oriental Society 5 [1963-1965]: 63-85) and Christopher Ehret ("The Origins of the Third Consonants in Semitic Roots," Journal of Afroasiatic Languages
1 : 109-202).
Robert Hetzron reconstructed *sim (in his "Afroasiatic Languages
," in The World's Major Languages, 649).
This situation is deplorable since Afroasiatic languages
offer some unique opportunities in this regard, e.g., the historical attestation of Egyptian, which goes on for some 4,500 years, as well as some peculiar problems that are not the same as in the case of Indoeuropean languages.