Nevertheless, sociolects include differing varieties, variations and registers which may be used by different speakers, or by the same speaker in different situations (DeBose 1992: 166; Spears 1988: 9899; Garner & Rubin 1986: 33; Hoover 1978: 69), and African-American Vernacular English is only one variety of African-American English.
Nevertheless, the use of distinctively African American pragmatic features characterizes both African-American Vernacular English and Standard African American English, and, accordingly, a complete description of Standard African-American English must include a description of these features.
Moreover, Britton uses African-American Vernacular English to punctuate her points, with masterful effect: When, in the opening lines of her piece, Britton juxtaposes the formal lexicon and syntax of the sentence-ending clause, "bringing to his five-year talk-show reign on the network to an end" with the sentence-beginning clause, "Al Roker was damn near accused of Uncle Tom-min'", she effects a renegotiation of the social distance between herself and her audience (Myers-Scotton 1993: 132), demonstrating both her membership in, and alignment with, the African-American community whose members she is criticizing.
Thus the known propensity of Internet users to rapidly click between sites to locate those of potential interest may motivate the use of African-American Vernacular English in order to mark the website as an African-American discourse space: The vernacular becomes an "emblem" which symbolically constructs an African-American identity while at the same time manifesting opposition to the normative use of the standard in public discourse (Bucholtz 1996: 279-280).
to one another), and (b) to avoid conceptual confusion between the specific characteristics of African-American Vernacular English discussed in this paper, and definitions governing what constitutes nonstandard grammar, syntax, etc.
developed the Academic English Mastery Program 11 years ago to address the needs of students who speak African-American Vernacular English, Mexican-American "Chicano" English, "Hawaiian Pidgin" English and Native American English.
Several years ago, at a conference for speech and language pathologists, a professor gave the attendees a standardized test that had been translated into African-American Vernacular English.