In addition, IL-4 of some ruminants like cow , African buffalo
, sheep , and goat  was also previously cloned and identified.
Boshoff et al., "Characterisation of a SAT-1 outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in captive African buffalo
(Syncerus caffer): clinical symptoms, genetic characterisation and phylogenetic comparison of outbreak isolates," Veterinary Microbiology, vol.
Wessel, Chemical Immobilization of African Buffalo
(Syncerus caffer) in Kruger National Park: Evaluating effects on survival and reproduction, University of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa, 2006.
This viral persistence state depends on the species of the host: it has been reported to be around 3 weeks in swine and 5 years in African buffaloes
KNP is considered an endemic area for Mycobacterium bovis, with cases reported in at least 12 wildlife species, including African buffalo
, lion, kudu, and warthog (3).
It had been nerve-racking enough admiring the Big Five - lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and African buffalo
- from the cocoon of a large Land- Rover, but the following day's activities were to be something else entirely.
The more open country that bison prefer is also a factor, but they are considerably bigger than African buffalo
. Even so, we know that cartridges like the .45-70 accounted for untold bison in the 1870s.
It's a big, broad-chested bovine, bigger than African buffalo
(but the forest buffalo of the Philippines are smaller).
On a trip to Tanzania in 2009, Burrard-Lucas tested the BeetleCam on elephants, African buffalo
, and lions.
Sinarundinaria alpina stands are favoured by elephants and African buffalo
elsewhere, but there is no longer any hunting here.
What eats them: Only lions are powerful enough to kill a full-grown African buffalo
. Herds of buffaloes may charge and chase away lions to defend themselves.
"I was dancing with this lass who had an astonishing lacquered hair-do of immense proportions, which looked like the radar mast of the Bismarck, or the horns of an African buffalo
A NEW enclosure has opened at a Worcestershire tourist attraction - giving wildlife enthusiasts the chance to glimpse African buffalo
These include the wolf, fox, ape, zebra, cheetah, rhinoceros, African buffalo
"If you're lucky, you can also get to see the Big Five -- lion, leopard, African buffalo
, African elephant and rhinoceros," said Rawat.