Dunstan and his co-reformers could hardly have foreseen, however, that in the Viking violence of AEthelred
's reign only twenty years later this concept might result in AElfric's doctrine of non-violence.
At the age of 16 or thereabouts - in AD 886 - Aethelflaed was married to Aethelred
, the leader of Mercia.
Spoof chat show host Mrs Merton was the Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Trent Bridge, Nottingham; 2 Flower arranging; 3 Caroline Aherne; 4 William Morris; 5 Philadelphia; 6 Burma; 7 Aethelred
; 8 Bleak House; 9 Sigmund Freud; 10 Jan van Eyck.
Penda's sons, Wulfhere and Aethelred
, were both Christians and whilst regarded as pious were also fearsome in battle.
Four chapters assess Edward's role as son of Aethelred
, his activities with regard to Normandy, the question of succession, including an analysis of the earldoms of the period, and his sanctity and canonization.
Likewise, the powerless or weak are precisely described and listed: the people under a ruler, of whatever origin and race, who must "endure the king's mistakes" (Salas 1846: 23), the unhappy or hapless Bretons (Salas 1846: 8), humble monks (Salas 1846: 15), abused women (Salas 1846: 16), the defeated (Salas 1846: 23), mothers and widows (Salas 1846: 34), defenceless Danes under Aethelred
(Salas 1846: 19), the people against the monarch and invading Danes, heterogeneous gatherings of dissatisfied people (Salas 1846: 20, 31), slaves (Salas 1846: 21), or wretched convicts (Salas 1846: 21).
The messenger is to return to those who sent him with this message: "Here stands dauntless an earl with his band of men who will defend this homeland, the land of AEthelred
my lord." The message may not be directly translatable to "I," a first person nominative singular subject, followed by "refuse," a first person singular present tense verb of speaking, but it nevertheless functions as a strong assertion that Byrhtnoth intends to defend his homeland.
In 1013, in the latest of a series of successful Scandinavian invasions, the Danish ruler Swein, after defeating the English monarch Aethelred
who fled into exile in Normandy, occupied much of the country, and was named king of the English.
of Mercia founded the first Saxon church here in AD689.
186) argues that trading provisions similar to the London regulations included in IV AEthelred
would have been made for Danes and Norwegians in normal circumstances but renewed Viking raids may have led to their exclusion from these particular ones.
When Edgar died in 975, the succession was contested between Edward, his son by a previous marriage, and AEthelred
, Edgar's son by his current wife AElfthryth.
1000-1100: Eadric Streona (died 1017), King Aethelred
II's chief counsellor, betrayed his country by switching sides when the Danish king Cnut invaded England in 1015.
For example, three that occur in a row are ETHELRED (OR AETHELRED
) THE UNREADY, EUNUCHS AND ERECTIONS, and EVEREST AS THE WORLD'S HIGHEST MOUNTAIN.
During the reign of AEthelred
(978-1016), this audience would have experienced a renewed and more formidable threat from Danish armies that would lead to the eventual occupation of the throne by a Danish king, Cnut (1016-1066).