He made all this plain in an address to the professors of the Gregorian on November 27, 1878, that is, even before Aeterni Patris
had been drawn up.
Thomas Aquinas; the challenge to this synthesis by Scotus and Ockham and the rise of skepticism; the unsuccessful response to this skepticism by Descartes, Pascal, and Arnauld; the efforts of Rosmini and Newman to reestablish Catholic intellectual influence in a rapidly secularizing culture with fragmenting universities; the resurgence of Thomism after Aeterni Patris
and the call to engage non-Thomistic culture and tradition with this new Thomism in Fides et Ratio.
[On the restoration of Christian philosophy].
For a happy eighty or ninety years, beginning a few years after Pope Leo XIII published the encyclical Aeterni Patris
in 1879, it was not so.
After him come the journey to modernism then such matters as the Catholic absence from philosophy 1700-1850, Newman, Aeterni Patris
, and Fides et Ratio.
Chesterton became a Catholic in part because the Pope, in his teaching authority, had written Aeterni Patris
, the encyclical elevating Aquinas to the normative philosophical doctor of the Church.
In his encyclical Aeterni Patris
(1879), Leo XIII, though acknowledging differences in time and the presence of some errors, promoted the thought of Aquinas in the strongest possible terms: Among the Scholastic Doctors, the chief and master of all towers Thomas Aquinas, who ...
Ese era el modo en que trabajaba tambien Juan Pablo II, pero el enfoque institucional de la Universidad de Navarra iba mas en la linea de la antigua Psicologia racional y, en general, de la filosofia escolastica y el tomismo prom ovido por la enciclica Aeterni Patris
. de Leon XIII y por las directrices de San Pio X frente al modernismo.
(1) Leonine Thomism, so named from Pope Leo XIII, whose encyclical Aeterni Patris
(1879) called for a return to "sound philosophy" in Catholic schools.
Thomas endorsed by Leo XIII (Aeterni patris
was promulgated in 1879) and the beginning of the articulation of contemporary Catholic Social Thought in Return Novarum (the "Condition of Labor") promulgated by Leo XIII in 1891.
Ha dois momentos historicos em que este influxo se expressou mais fortemente: a renovacao da filosofia escolastica na idade moderna (especialmente por Cayetano e Francisco de Vitoria, no Renascimento), e a enciclica Aeterni patris
, de 1879, do Papa Leao XIII, que aconselha a todos os teologos catolicos a desenvolver a teologia a partir dos parametros de Santo Tomas.
To that end I have attempted to embroider on a neglected passage of Aeterni Patris
that urged Catholics to find in the thought of Aquinas a sound basis for the defense and promotion of liberal education.
offers a succinct yet incisive interpretation of the seminal influence of Thomas Aquinas played out in subsequent "Thomisms"--the 16th-century revival of Cajetan, Vitoria, Suarez and the "imposition of neoscholasticism" in the seminaries by Leo XIII's Aeterni patris