For example, the hypothalamic--pituitary--adrenal (HPA) axis, which mediates the endocrine or hormonal response to certain stressors, interconnects with the adrenomedullary
hormonal system and the sympathetic noradrenergic system (SNS).
Stimulation of catecholamine synthesis through unique estrogen receptors in the bovine adrenomedullary
plasma membrane by 17[beta]-estradiol.
Together with Don Weiland, PhD, and Ray Counsell, PhD, they developed MIBG for imaging and treatment of adrenomedullary
function may predict the clinical severity of CAH, and the measurement of plasma free metanephrine has been suggested for this purpose (53), although this technique has not come into common practice.
Emotional challenge is known to activate the sympathetic adrenomedullary
system (SAM), which was first described by Walter Canon (on his fight-or-flight experiments) and extensively reported in Hans Selye's experiments in acute stress (Kemeny, 2003).
Disorders which occur with adrenal gland function are divided into adrenocortical and adrenomedullary