He gave instruction that after him, there would be no more living Gurus, that instead the Adi Granth
would become the 'Guru' for the Sikhs.
This wonderful composition is comprised of seventy-three stanzas in ramkali meter and comfortably nestled between pages 938 and 946 of the Adi Granth
, the sacred Sikh scripture.
It is the words of the Adi Granth
which provide the most pervasive sound in the complex, its text sung by Granthis (priests) who, in continuous three-hour shifts, intone the entire book over the course of the day, accompanied by squeeze-box harmoniums and the unmistakeably Indian sound of the tabla drums.
It should be noted in any case that Sikhism is no more tolerant of idol worship than Islam, so the Sikh intellectuals marked by the reformist zeal of return to first principles advocated by the Singh Sabha adopted Guru Nanak's formulae like this one (Adi Granth
As is generally known, the Adi Granth
(AG) in its canonic form, redacted by the fifth Sikh guru, Arjan, in 1604, contains verses, arranged by musical raga, composed by the first five of the Sikh Gurus, namely Nanak, Amgad, Amar Das, Ram Das, and Arjan.
The fifth Guru says in the Adi Granth
that when you are completely alone, your mother, your father, your son, your brother or your friends, no one is near you, God is with you all along the way.
The real reason Baoli Sahib is famous among Sikhs is because it was at the Gurdwara Baoli Sahib in Dabbi Bazaar that the original Adi Granth
was kept by the Sodhi family.
The third Guru writes in the Adi Granth
, 'They are not truly wedded whose two bodies merely came together.
Mann describes the purpose of the book in the opening chapter: "In this volume, I argue that traditional reconstruction of the historical formation of the Adi Granth
should be extended to both ends from the period of Guru Arjan--back to Guru Nanak and forward almost to the present day--before we have a comprehensive picture of the text's history" (p.
The fifth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Arjan Dev Ji says in the Adi Granth
: 'No one is my enemy and no one is a stranger to me, everyone is my friend and I love them all.'
Philological analysis of the Adi Granth
(AG), the most sacred work of scripture of the Sikh faith (by whose pious adherents it is referred to by the title Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib), is both as poorly developed and as controversial as that of the scripture of any South Asian religious tradition.
The most sacred work of Sikh scripture, the Adi Granth
(AG) (or Sri Guru Granth Sahib), redacted by the fifth Sikh guru, Arjan, in 1604, in addition to containing verse composed by the first five of the Sikh gurus, also includes a substantial body of poetry by earlier poet saints whose beliefs were felt to be doctrinally compatible with those of the Sikh gurus.
The printed version of the Adi Granth
, the Sikh scripture, contains no compositions by the seventh Guru, Har Rai, and one hundred sixteen by the ninth Guru, Tegh Bahadur.
And although they lack the support of any explicit evidence in contemporary sources, there may nevertheless be available for them implicit reinforcement, derived from an investigation of the earliest manuscripts of the Adi Granth
Trumpp not only reinforced the view that Sikhism was "a form of Hinduism," but also made some offensive remarks in his introduction to The Adi Granth