Before testing for adaptive evolution
, we filtered out orthologous genes, which did not have these mutually exclusive AA substitutions.
She and Schienman had also found signs of adaptive evolution
in the gene.
The key three elements of the GreenFuel's approach are adaptive evolution
of algae, photomodulation (controlling light and dark cycles), and a customizable field bioreactor.
LimitMDR will characterize evolutionary trajectories leading to multidrug resistance in response to individual and combination drug treatment through the execution of large-scale adaptive evolution
experiment with two bacterial pathogens followed by genome sequencing and phenotyping.
The cranial base is a valuable resource for studying phylogenetic, or natural evolutionary relationships, because its anatomical complexity and association with the brain, posture and chewing system have provided numerous opportunities for adaptive evolution
The researchers also found that these brainy animals had an adaptive evolution
of their nervous system genes, proving that quality and not just quantity is important.
But when the models are applied to explain adaptive evolution
, the 'fitness' of a genotype is viewed as depending on salient differential functional effects of interactions of corresponding phenotypes on reproductive success, that is, in causal determination of birth and death rates ('survival and reproduction').
Contributors also cover basic evolutionary systems biology, the origin of new genes, lateral gene transfer, the evolution of genomic expression, the evolution of proteome complexity and diversity, genomic redundancy and dispensability, genome defense, sex-biased genomic expression, sex chromosome origins and evolution, molecular signatures of adaptive evolution
, gene networks and natural selection, and human evolutionary genomics.
Evolutionary Genomics scientists discovered that three ICAM (intercellular cell adhesion molecule) proteins, called ICAM 1, ICAM 2, and ICAM 3, have all undergone intensive adaptive evolution