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a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction

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References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, there was a gradual rise in DBP levels from healthy state to periodontitis which is in agreement with other studies.13 Being an acute phase reactant protein, DBP is elevated systemically in plasma during the inflammatory process.
After the switch, he reported frequent nausea, while renal function remained normal and acute phase reactants remained elevated.
Objective: To analyze the acute phase reactants in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compare them to healthy controls.
Ferritin is an acute phase reactant and is potentially higher in any infective or inflammatory process, making its careful interpretation necessary in such situations.
In addition, ceruloplasmin is an acute phase reactant, so levels may be elevated in the setting of inflammation and tissue injury.
The presence of raised CRP in a major number of CKD children prove the survival of chronically activated acute phase reactant.
Diagnostic difficulties in CAP cases generally necessitate the evaluation of multiple factors to differentiate viral and bacterial etiology, such as patient age, disease progression, accompanying symptoms, serum biomarkers, serum acute phase reactants, radiological findings, presence of viral epidemics, and clinical response to antibiotics (5).
AAT is the most abundant circulating serine protease inhibitor in the body and an acute phase reactant. Systemic deficiency in AAT due to genetic mutations can result in debilitating liver failure and chronic lung disease.
Igari, "Further characterization of serum amyloid A4 as a minor acute phase reactant and a possible nutritional marker," Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol.
Three months later the patient was in good condition without any complaints, had normal acute phase reactant levels and was still on low dose corticosteroid.
SAA is a major hepatic acute phase reactant and can account for as much as 2.5% of the protein produced in the liver during severe inflammation [9].
Activation of the complement cascade during innate immunity is preceded by (i) synthesis of the acute phase reactant, mannanbinding lectin (MBL) by IL-6-activated hepatocytes; and (ii) histamine/ bradykinin-mediated contraction of vascular endothelial cells via interaction with types [H.sub.1] and [B.sub.2] receptors respectively, widening the gaps between the cells.
The value of measurements of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), the classical acute phase reactant, for monitoring patients of all ages is well established [4].
Patient group files were scanned and acute phase reactant, and complete blood count (leukocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, NLR, hemoglobin, haematocrit, platelet, MPV, PDW, and PCT) values were recorded.
TA was brought under control in the six-month follow-up with normal acute phase reactant levels and without complaints.
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