hepatitis B

(redirected from Acute hepatitis B)
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Synonyms for hepatitis B

an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids

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References in periodicals archive ?
Gullain barre syndrome complicating acute hepatitis B. A Case with detailed electrophysiological and immunological studies.
(5) Therefore, we report a series of three cases of SAHB and one case of acute hepatitis B treated with entecavir during 2007-2009, with interesting evolution.
There were 326 reported cases of acute hepatitis B in the study population; diabetes information was available for 226.
Acute hepatitis B is diagnosed by detection of IgM antibodies to the hepatitis B core antigen (IgM anti-HBc).
During 1996-1998, approximately half of persons with reported acute hepatitis B previously had been treated for a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or incarcerated: 89% of injection drug users, 35% of men who have sex with men, and 70% of persons with multiple sex partners with reported acute hepatitis B had been previously incarcerated or treated for an STD.
Cases associated with male homosexual sex, injection drug use, and heterosexual sex also declined over the study period, but other studies suggest that the decrease of acute hepatitis B cases was associated with a temporary decline in high-risk sexual practices in the wake of the AIDS epidemic.
* In patients with acute hepatitis B, repeat HBsAg measurements should be performed within 6-12 months; if negative and tests for anti-HBV surface antigen antibody (anti-HBs) are positive, no additional follow-up is needed (IIE).
Chronic hepatitis may follow acute hepatitis B or C (formerly called bloodborne or transfusion non-A, non-B) or may develop quietly without an acute illness.
The work could have a major impact, because about 200 million people worlwide chronically carry the virus; in the United States, about 1 million people carry the virus and more than 300,000 new cases of acute hepatitis B occur yearly.
Between February 2009 and November 2011, the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) was notified of acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections occurring in residents of four separate assisted living facilities (ALFs) in the Central Health Planning Region of Virginia.
Despite the effectiveness of vaccines for HBV to lower the incidence of acute hepatitis B, immigrants from endemic countries who are unaware of their chronic infection continue to bring it into the United States, said Dr.
The incidence of acute hepatitis B virus infections declined by 67% during 1990-2002, but increased more recently in certain age and risk groups of the U.S.
The number of reported cases of acute hepatitis B has dropped by 76% since the late 1980s, with the largest decrease among people aged 10-29 years, but it will take several decades to achieve secondary benefit of vaccination of infants and young adolescents, the CDC noted.
One patient had serologic evidence of acute hepatitis B, and no serologic evidence for HCV or HEV infections.
The incidence of acute hepatitis B has dropped dramatically in the United States in the last decade, Dr.
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