Surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis
cases is currently supplemented by environmental surveillance for polioviruses in sewage in at least 23 countries (8), which will help ensure that any circulation or outbreaks of type 2 poliovirus are identified and responded to quickly.
Detection of diphtheritic polyneuropathy by acute flaccid paralysis
surveillance system, India.
Acute flaccid paralysis
(AFP) surveillance is supplemented by environmental surveillance (i.
Non-polio enteroviruses in acute flaccid paralysis
children of India: vital assessment before polio eradication.
Compared with those developing encephalitis and acute flaccid paralysis
, the neurologic findings in patients with meningitis generally did not persist as long, he said.
Metagenomic analyses of viruses in stool samples from children with acute flaccid paralysis
Duration of poliovirus excretion and its implications for acute flaccid paralysis
surveillance: a review of the literature.
This report summarizes the evidence of possible global interruption of transmission of WPV3, based on surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis
(AFP) and environmental surveillance.
On November 4, 2010, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of the Congo officially declared a poliomyelitis outbreak centered in Pointe-Noire following the laboratory identification of poliovirus type 1 in a patient with acute flaccid paralysis
WHO has also organized acute flaccid paralysis
surveillance programs to identify pockets of ongoing disease.
OPV coverage through routine immunization services reported among children aged 6-23 months with nonpolio acute flaccid paralysis
(NPAFP) ([dagger][dagger]) is used as a proxy indicator for OPV3 coverage nationally and was 61% in 2011 and 62% in 2012, with considerable regional variability in 2012: Central, 87%; Badakhshan, 82%; Eastern, 79%; Northern, 75%; Western, 71%; Northeastern, 69%; Southeastern, 34%; and Southern, 15%.
Still, the nonpolio incidence rate of acute flaccid paralysis
(AFP) in Bangladesh is 3.
However, based on parental recall and immunization cards, routine OPV3 coverage among children aged 6-23 months with nonpolio acute flaccid paralysis
(NPAFP) ([section]) was 65% nationally, with a large range among provinces and territories: 28% in Balochistan, 38% in FATA, 54% in Sindh, 57% in KP, 78% in Punjab, and 89% in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Islamabad Capitol Territory combined.
The World Health Organization (WHO) Global Polio Eradication Initiative recommends clinical surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis
in children <15 years of age and suspected paralytic polio in a person of any age as the most sensitive means of detecting a case of imported poliomyelitis in countries declared polio free (3).
Of the 2,873 WNV neuroinvasive disease patients, 1,615 (56%) had encephalitis, 1,038 (36%) had meningitis, and 220 (8%) had acute flaccid paralysis