An example of Virgil's pandering to Augustus is the shield of Aeneas that depicts the defeat of Marc Anthony and Cleopatra at Actium
in Aeneid VIII.
Hence stories of Augustus rewarding a Greek poet who wittily responded to an imperial prank, or generously defending an Actium
veteran who sought legal support, reek of flattering literary distortion but are presented as fact.
In common with the latter drama, Shakespeare's play interrogates the connection between controlling the air, imperial conquest, and the fashioning of personal and public legacies: for example, Antony's defeat at Actium
conflates the threats to empire posed by foreign queens and storms in the Aeneid when Cleopatra, who has come to embody the Virgilian storm, draws his fleet away from battle.
Se debatia entre el deseo de un amigo y la orden del entonces ya Octavio Augusto, gobernante supremo de Roma despues de apartar primero del poder a Lepido y, a continuacion, derrotar a Marco Antonio en la batalla naval de Actium
The Battle of Actium
was a decisive battle between the Egyptian navy and Rome.
Lepanto is presented as a second Actium
, with the victory at Lepanto being seen as a sort of fulfillment of the prophecies in Eclogue 4 and a vindication of the Roman tradition, but we find as well a Virgilian mourning over the accompanying violence and loss, sympathy with the Ottoman fighters, and records of misdeeds by the victors.
The story of how Cleopatra seduced Roman ruler Julius Caesar by smuggling herself into his palace rolled up in a carpet -- perhaps the most oft repeated narrative from her life -- came from a record of the Battle of Actium
recorded by her opponent, the Roman general Octavian, Wkye said.
Apenas iniciado el siglo, Guglielmo Ferrero, en su Grandezza e decadenza di Roma, presentaba, consecutivamente a Actium
, el <<restablecimiento de la Republica[mucho mayor que].
In a hundred years' time it will seem as bizarre that nations once attacked one another with fleets of gasoline-engined bombers as that they once fought great battles with fleets of ships propelled by banks of men rowing to the beat of a drum --perhaps more bizarre because the fleets of petrol-engined bombers were the fashion for only thirty-five years and achieved no decisive results whereas the rowing galley was a favored weapon for more than two millennia and was the means of winning a number of victories, Salamis, Actium
, Lepanto for example, that were major historical turning points.
The Roman Republic came to an end after the Battle of Actium
in 31 BCE.
Augustus, following his victory at Actium
, paid off his loyal troops with cash bonuses and private land grants (Frank 1940, 2-4, 14-15), instituted tax cuts by curbing tax-farming abuses, and protected private-property rights.
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Further internecine strife erupted subsequently between Octavian (later to be called Augustus) and Marc Antony, leading to the latter's rout together with his Egyptian consort, Cleopatra, at Actium
in 31 BCE.
Leucate es un promontorio de la isla del mismo nombre y esta situado enfrente del promontorio de Actium
, que se encuentra en la costa griega de Acarnania, en la entrada del golfo de Ambracia.
Octavian's victory at Actium
settled the question of who was to be master and how he should rule.