verbal noun

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Synonyms for verbal noun

a noun that is derived from a verb

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Action nouns are of two kinds: those that are not lexicalized into factitive nouns (tagged d1) and action nouns ([d.sub.2]) that admit lexicalization into the same-word factitive nouns that will denote the state or condition of the subject achieved as a result of the accomplishment of the action and/or a concretized result of the accomplished action.
Both classes of action nouns (d1 and [d.sub.2]) as well as factitive nouns ([d.sub.2]) employ identical suffixes.
Besides allomorphy proper, to be dealt with below, there are two further problematic issues deserving discussion, which will be illustrated referring to the action noun suffixes.
To get a concrete illustration, four instances of the curve V(N) are reported in Figure 1, taken from our data: they refer to the Italian suffixes -mente, forming adverbs, and -mento, -(t)ura, and -nza, forming action nouns, sampled from three years of the Italian newspaper La Stampa.
plumage 'plumage,' from plume 'feather') and as an action noun suffix (cf.
For example, one in two of the passive modal adjectives gets combined with the same root action noun, whereas only every tenth of the passive modal adjective co-occurs with a factitive noun.
For example, the speed of the first chronological link in the one-root sequence of a verb combined with an action noun and a past participle as well as that of the first chronological link in the sequence of a verb combined with a past participle and an action noun is lower than the speed of the second chronological link in either case (cf.
striebor-n-a lyzica silver-REL-INFL spoon The wellformedness of example (1c) proves that this impossibility is not due to some restriction concerning the adjectival suffix involved, since the relevant relational adjective in fact exists and is used in other combinations which do not involve an action noun, such as 'silver spoon'.
The second observation is that the combination action noun + relational adjective is among the most productive uses of relational adjectives in Romance languages (cf.
Artifact-free epochs were averaged for each participant for each experimental condition (action verbs, action nouns, non-action verbs and non-action nouns).
A proportion of action nouns are lexicalized into one-word factitive and/or resultative (further on to be referred to as factitive) nouns.
Thus the -age suffix illustrated in (1a) more regularly derives action/state nominals such as marriage; the -ery suffix in (1b) more regularly derives collectives (such as greenery) or action nouns (such as butchery); the -er suffix in (1c) more regularly derives agent nouns such as killer; and the processes in (1d-f) more regularly derive action/state nouns such as preservation, insurance, demand.
Such an account is somewhat more sophisticated, and certainly more theoretically up-to-date, than the usual treatment in the standard grammars, which simply state that most -mo- derivatives are action nouns, with some agent nouns in the collection.
While concretization of action nouns often leads to result nouns, it is also common enough for such nouns to refer to the patient (person or thing) upon which the action is performed, not the product of the action.