This phylum is composed of several classes, but in both soils the most common organisms were in the Class Actinobacteria, Order Actinomycetales
and Families Nocardioidaceae and Streptomycetaceae.
Dermatophilosis (also known as streptothrichosis, or in sheep as 'lumpy wool disease') is caused by bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, the type species of genus Dermatophilus, which is a member of the order Actinomycetales
(Stewart, 1972 and Msami et al., 2001).
They are mostly aerobes and facultative anaerobes, primarily in the bacterial orders Actinomycetales
, Enterobacteriales, Lactobacillales, Pseudomonadales, and Xanthomonodales.
Kocuria rosea belongs to genus Kocuria (Micrococcaceae family, suborder Micrococcineae, order Actinomycetales
) that includes about 11 species of bacteria, characteristically gram positive and aerobic (although some species like Kocuria kristinae, Kocuria marina and Kocuria rhizophila may proliferate in anaerobic conditions).
Three bacterial orders were present in all samples: Bacteroidales (mainly Prevotella and Porphyromonas); Clostridiales (mainly Peptoniphilus, Anaerococcus, Parvimonas, Dialister, and Finegoldia); and Actinomycetales
(Actinomyces, Actinobaculum, and Mobiluncus).
The two groups are the eumyces, or true fungi, and the actinomyces, filamentous bacteria of the order Actinomycetales
The order Actinomycetales
includes the families Mycobacteriaceae and Nocardiaceae, among others.
: Characteristics and practical importance (eds.
BACT-I Bacteria; Isolated from deep (JQ862007) Actinobacteria; sea sediment (Wang, Actinobacteridae; unpublished) Actinomycetales
; Micrococcineae; Micrococcaceae; Arthrobacter BACT-O Bacteria; Isolated from algal (JQ862004) Bacteroidetes; culture of Flavobacteria; Thalassiosira sp.
Actinomycetes are aerobic filamentous Gram-positive bacteria with true aerial hyphae, belonging to the phylum Actinobacteria (order Actinomycetales
All of Acidobacteria sequences were classified to the class Actinobacteria and over 66% of them belonged to order Actinomycetales
, Bacilliales, Fusobacteriales, Erysipelotrichales, and Caulobacteriales seemed to be extracted more effectively by the extraction procedure I, while Pseudomonadales, Campylobacterales, and Neisseriales were detected more effectively by the extraction procedure II.
Although actinomycosis and nocardiosis are often considered together when discussing systemic mycoses, they are filamentous, gram-positive bacteria in the order of Actinomycetales
, and not true fungi.''' These infections are consistently found in the US, but the diagnosis is difficult since they resemble other bacterial, mycobacterial, and fungal infections.
General consideration and implications of the actinomycetales
. In: Sykes, G.; Skinner, F.
bacteria from a spruce stand: characterization and effects on growth of root symbiotic, and plant parasitic soil fungi in dual culture.