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Related to Actinomyces israelii: Nocardia asteroides
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soil-inhabiting saprophytes and disease-producing plant and animal parasites

References in periodicals archive ?
Late prosthetic hip joint infection with Actinomyces israelii in an intravenous drug user: case report and literature review.
Actinomyces israelii is the most commonlyfound species of the genus and the most common cause of actinomycosis.
Actinomyces israelii ha sido repetidamente citado como una causa de fracaso del tratamiento endodontico.
Actinomycosis is an uncommon chronic infectious disease caused by Bacterium Actinomyces Israelii, which is an anaerobic gram positive oral flora that may become pathologic due to poor oral hygiene, dental/periodontal problems, trauma or following oral surgical procedures.
At 3 months post-therapy, significantly higher levels of Actinomyces israelii, Campylobacter rectus, Fusobacterium periodonticum, Parvimonas micra, Prevotella nigrescens, Tannerella forsythia, Neisseria mucosa, and Streptococcus anginosus were found in the CKD group compared with the C group (p < 0.
El Actinomyces israelii es la especie mas frecuentemente asilada, aunque existen otras que tambien pueden causar infeccion (1).
Table 2 Potential infectious causes of chronic encephalopathy Type of Organism/disease infection Mycobacterial Mycobacterium tuberculosis Spirochetal Treponema pallidum (syphilis), Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease), Leptospira Bacterial Bruce/la, Listeria, Nocardia, Actinomyces israelii, Whipple's disease Viral HIV/AIDS, cytomegalovirus, varicella zoster virus, herpes simplex virus, enterovirus Fungal Histoplasmosis, coccidiosis, sporothrix, Blastomyces, Cryptococcus Parasitic Toxoplasmosis, taenia solium (cysticercosis), Schistosoma, Acanthamoeba AIDS: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; HIV: human immunodeficiency virus Source: Reference 8
11 The disease is caused by Actinomyces israelii, the anaerobic organism producing filamentous branching hyphae.
actinomycetemcomitans 7,3 0,3 Eikenella corrodens 6,3 20,7 Prevotella intermedia 4,2 5,4 Bacteroides fragilis 4,6 00 Capnocytophaga sp 4,7 00 Campylobacter sp 7,2 7,5 Helicobacter pylori 2,5 6,3 Haemophilus aphrophilus 6,3 2,1 Eubacterium sp 5,6 6,3 Eubacterium nodatum 0,9 00 Actinomyces israelii 0,8 1,8 Actinomyces naeslundii 1 0,9 Peptostreptococcus anaerobius 1,3 00 Peptostreptococcus micros 2,3 0,3 Staphylococcus aureus 5,2 00 Streptococcus viridans 16,2 38,7 E.
La composicion microbiana de la placa supragingival se caracteriza por la presencia de Streptococcus sanguis y en menor proporcion los Actinomyces viscosus, Actinomyces naesludii y Actinomyces israelii, a medida que la placa madura aumentan las formas de estreptococos como el Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sobrinus y Streptococcus mutans y Actinomyces odontolyticus, entre otros.
Actinomyces israelii, a very aggressive organism commonly found in association with TOA, requires both surgical treatment and a 6-week to 3-month course of penicillin.