Key Words: Nimolcine , Acorus calamus
, Toxicity, Cholinesterase, Callosobruchus analis.
(2014) further reported higher wound-healing rate in mice fed with diets treated with Acorus calamus
extracts compared to the control diet.
Family Species Anacardiaceae Spondias axillaris Myristicaceae Horsefieldia amygdalina Moraceae Ficus Cornaceae Alangium chinese Annonaceae Polyalthia simiarum Acoraceae Acorus calamus
Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpus serratus Melastomataceae Medinilla rubicunda Lauraceae Actinodaphne obovata Rutaceae Micromelum pubescens Table 3.
Some species were used to treat few ailments, such as Acorus calamus
, which was used to treat only cough and toothache.
Family Scientific name Traditional Name Acoraceae Acorus calamus
It contains Acorus calamus
, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Santalum rubrum, Myristica fragrans and Piper longum.
Rahman & Schmidt (1999), in study with Acorus calamus
(L.) (Acoraceae) essential oil in the form of vapor, observed that the highest mortality of Callosobruchus phaseoli (Gyllenhal, 1833) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) was related to the increase in the period of exposure to the oil.
Pharmacological Properties and Ayurvedic Value of Indian Buch Plant (Acorus calamus
): A Short Review.
Asarone is found in the Asarum family of spices that includes Acorus calamus
. Asarone is chemically similar to mescaline.
houstonianum exhibited stronger or the same level of acute toxicity against the booklice, for example, essential oils of Acorus calamus
, Artemisia rupestris and A.
(Acoraceae) also known as sweet flag in Indian traditional medicine is generally used for treatment of cough, fever, bronchitis, inflammation, depression, tumors, haemorrhoids, skin diseases, insomnia, hysteria, epilepsy, and loss of memory [1, 2].
, Pongamia glabra and Cedrus deodara are also known for their insecticidal, anti-moulding and anti-fertility activities (Sharma, 1996).
Usually one plant was used for treatment of a single ailment, like the use of Acorus calamus
for treatment of asthma.
It is also possible that druids fantasy contain other ingredients such as Acorus calamus
("Sweet flag", "Calamus"), Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian ginseng), and Piper methysticum (kava, kava-kava) (Dennehy, Tsourounis & Miller 2005; http://www.herbalparty.com/shopping/store.
From the reported literature, it is evident that Achillea millifolium, Acorus calamus
, Arnebia nobilis, Fumaria indica, Gymnema sylvestre, Origanum vulgare, Paeonia emodi, Peganum harmala, Psoralea corylifolia, Rauwolfia serpentine, and Vetiveria zizanioides are widely used in herbal medicines.