The international letters written in Semitic Accadian
language on clay tablets that had been sent by Canaanite officials to the Egyptian government officials in Amarna City during the 18th Dynasty rule sheds more light on the Canaanites relations with the Egyptians.
They cover the Babylonian physician Raba-sa-Markuk, the Accadian
verb sala'u (to be ill) and the substantive sili'tu, medical information outside the medical corpora, cuneiform tablets on eye diseases, medical technology in ancient Mesopotamia, and (in French) the medicine of Hippocrates.
Sparks (biblical studies, Eastern U., Pennsylvania) provides readers of the Hebrew Bible an overview and introduction to the comparative Near Eastern literature, encompassing Syrian-Palestinian, Mesopotamia, Egyptian, Anatolian, Persian, Urgartic, West Semitic, Hittite, Phoenician, Accadian
, and other literature.
Hebrew has several expressions: The root SLH (forgive, pardon) comes from Accadian
, where it meant: to throw water (perhaps indicating some ancient forgiving custom).
Hammurabi's Code in Babylon and both the Sumerian and Accadian
Codes were compilations meant to supplement custom, not supersede preexisting law.