(2004) compared trophic categories between latitudes and indicated that Acanthuridae
was the most abundant from NE Brazil until Arraial do Cabo (State of Rio de Janeiro) and Kyphosidae dominated this niche down south to Santa Catarina.
Apparently, the Pacific Ocean is the center of origin of surgeonfishes, retaining most of Acanthuridae
For example, the change in surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae
) from Phase II to Phase III is associated with an adjusted residual of -2.967 and a p value of 0.003, indicating a significant decrease in surgeonfishes through time.
In the tropics, most species of Caulerpa are readily consumed by herbivorous reef fish such as rabbitfish (Siganidae) and surgeonfish (Acanthuridae
) (Paul and Hay, 1986; Paul et al., 1990), although some species, such as C.
The most common families are the Pomacentridae (angelfish, damselfish and clownfish), the Holocentridae (soldierfish and squirrelfish), Chaetodonitidae (butterfly fish) Acanthuridae
(surgeonfish, named for the sharp spines at the base of the tail), the Muraenidae (moray eels), the Serranidae (sea-bass and groupers), the Scaridae (parrotfish, named for the shape of their mouths, capable of rasping the hard coral), and the Balistidae (triggerfish).
On the spawning behavior and spawning cycles of eight surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae
) from the Indo-Pacific.
Habitat and Species Differences in Prevalence and Intensity of Neobenedenia melleni (Monogenea: Capsalidae) on Sympatric Caribbean Surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae
The occurrence of the tropical west African marine fishes Acanthurus monroviae (Acanthuridae
) and Arius parkii (Ariidae) in the Levant.
Parrotfish V Scarus taeinopterus Princess parrotfish V Sparisoma atomarium Greenblotch parrotfish V Sparisoma aurofrenatum Redband parrotfish V T Sparisoma viride Spotlight parrotfish V Gobiidae Coryphopterus personatus/hyalinus Masked/Glass goby V Acanthuridae
We grouped the other fishes (Acanthuridae
, Monacanthidae, Chaetodontidae, Mullidae, Scaridae, and the labrids Epibelus insidiator, Gomphosis varius, and Coris gaimard) together because they were not observed to actively search for, and raid, nests, although they would consume embryos if they discovered a nest.
Diel move- Species Family ment(*) 1) Pomacentrus moluccensis Pomacentridae SA 2) Pomacentrus amboinensis Pomacentridae SA 3) Pomacentrus wardi Pomacentridae SA 4) Pomacentrus lepidogenys Pomacentridae MV 5) Chrysiptera rollandi Pomacentridae SA 6) Thallassoma lunare Labridae HV 7) Halichoeres melanurus Labridae MV 8) Amblyglyphidodon curacao Pomacentridae MV 9) Labrichthys unilineatus Labridae MV 10) Ctenochaetus binotatus Acanthuridae
HV 11) Coris schroederi Labridae MV 12) Labroides dimidiatus Labridae SA 13) Labropsis australis Labridae MV 14) Scarus sordidus Scaridae HV 15) Stethojulis strigiventer Labridae HV (*) Diel movement: SA = site-attached, MV = low-medium vagility, HV = high vagility.
Again to maximize the contrasts, we chose one mid-water planktivorous fusilier (family: Lutjanidae) and one benthic herbivorous surgeonfish (family: Acanthuridae